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VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 6 ( September, 2007 ) > List of Articles


The Influence of Temperature on the Efficacy of Polymerization of Composite Resin

Wedad Y. Awliya

Citation Information : Awliya WY. The Influence of Temperature on the Efficacy of Polymerization of Composite Resin. J Contemp Dent Pract 2007; 8 (6):9-16.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-8-6-9

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-09-2007

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2007; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.



The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different temperatures on the efficacy of polymerization during the insertion of composite resin using different light curing units.

Methods and Materials

A total of 45 disc-shaped specimens were fabricated from Z250 composite resin (3M/ESPE, St. Paul, MN, USA) with 15 each prepared at three different temperatures (refrigerated to 5°C, room temperature at 25°C, and preheated to 37°C). Each of these temperature-controlled specimen groups of 15 were then subdivided into three groups of five specimens, according to the type of curing light used to polymerize them. Curing lights included a conventional halogen light (QTH) in two modes (continuous and softstart polymerization) and a light emitting diode (LED). The microhardness of the top and bottom surfaces of the specimens was determined using a Buehler Micromet II digital microhardness tester (Buehler, Dusseldorf, Germany). Data obtained was analyzed using two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA)/Post Hoc Tukey's test at a 0.05 significance level.


As the temperature of composite resin increased, the top and bottom microhardness of the specimens also increased regardless of the type of polymerizing light used. The LED light produced a significantly better hardness on top and bottom surfaces of composite resin specimens polymerized at the three different temperatures. Effectiveness of cure at top and bottom surfaces of composite specimens was significantly reduced by using soft-start curing.


The use of pre-warmed composite resins might help to improve polymerization of composite resin especially at the deeper areas of a restoration which could result in an increase in the expected life of a composite restoration.


Awliya WY. The Influence of Temperature on the Efficacy of Polymerization of Composite Resin. J Contemp Dent Pract 2007 September; (8)6:009-016.

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