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VOLUME 9 , ISSUE 1 ( January, 2008 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Short Glass Fiber-reinforced Composite with a Semi-interpenetrating Polymer Network Matrix for Temporary Crowns and Bridges

Sufyan Garoushi, Pekka K. Vallittu, Lippo V. J. Lassila

Citation Information : Garoushi S, Vallittu PK, Lassila LV. Short Glass Fiber-reinforced Composite with a Semi-interpenetrating Polymer Network Matrix for Temporary Crowns and Bridges. J Contemp Dent Pract 2008; 9 (1):14-21.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-9-1-14

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-01-2008

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2008; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aims

The purpose of this study was to investigate the reinforcement effect of short E-glass fiber fillers on some mechanical properties of temporary crown and bridge (TCB) composite resin with a semi-interpenetrating polymer network (semi-IPN).

Methods and Materials

Experimental temporary fiber reinforced (TFC) composite resin was prepared by mixing 15 wt% of short E-glass fibers (3 mm in length) with a 35 wt% of semi-IPN-resin (dual or chemical cure) with 50 wt% of silane treated particulate silica fillers using a high speed mixing device. Temporary crowns (n=6) and test specimens (2 × 2 × 25 mm3) (n=6) were made from the experimental TFC and conventional TCB composite (control, Protemp Garant, 3M-ESPE, St. Paul, MN, USA). A three-point bending test was done according to ISO standard 10477, and a compression loading test was carried out using a steel ball (Ø 3.0 mm) with a speed of 1.0 mm/min until fracture occurred. The degree of monomer conversion (DC%) of both composites was determined by Fourier transfer infrared (FTIR) spectrometry.

Results

The analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed both dual and chemical cure experimental TFC composite resins had statistically significant (p<0.05) higher flexural strengths (117 and 99 MPa, respectively) and compressive load-bearing capacity (730 and 623 N, respectively) compared to the control TCB composite resin (72 MPa, 549 N).

Conclusion

The use of short fiber fillers with semi-IPN polymer matrix yielded an improved mechanical performance compared to a conventional TCB composite resin.

Citation

Garoushi S, Vallittu PK, Lassila LVJ. Short Glass Fiber-reinforced Composite with a Semi-interpenetrating Polymer Network Matrix for Temporary Crowns and Bridges. J Contemp Dent Pract 2008 January; (9)1:014-021.


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