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VOLUME 11 , ISSUE 4 ( July, 2010 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

A Comparative Study of Surgical Morbidity Associated with Mandibular Third-Molar Surgery in Young and Aging Populations

Wasiu L. Adeyemo, Mobolanle O. Ogunlewe, Akinola L. Ladeinde, Olufemi O. Hassan, Olanrewaju A. Taiwo

Citation Information : Adeyemo WL, Ogunlewe MO, Ladeinde AL, Hassan OO, Taiwo OA. A Comparative Study of Surgical Morbidity Associated with Mandibular Third-Molar Surgery in Young and Aging Populations. J Contemp Dent Pract 2010; 11 (4):1-8.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-11-4-1

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-07-2010

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2010; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

Prophylactic surgical extraction of impacted third molars is a common practice throughout the world justified on the presumption that the risk of surgical morbidity increases with increasing age, among other reasons. The aim of this study was to analyze and compare surgical morbidity associated with third-molar extractions in young and aging populations.

Methods and Materials

A review of records for all patients who underwent the surgical extraction of impacted third molars between April 2001 and June 2006 at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital was carried out.

Results

A total of 506 patients had surgical extractions of impacted third molars under local anaesthesia during the period of the study. Of these, 470 (92.9 percent) patients were below the age of 40 years (Group A) and 36 (7.1 percent) patients were 40 years of age and older (Group B). No incidences of severe intraoperative complications (excessive bleeding or mandibular fractures) were recorded in either group, but other postoperative complications were reported in 70 (13.8 percent) patients. Of these 70 patients, 65 (92.9 percent) were from Group A and 5 (7.1 percent) were from Group B, and their complications included infected socket, dry socket, paraesthesia, and buccal space abscess.

Conclusions

No significant difference in postoperative complications following surgical removal of mandibular third molars was found between patients 40 years old and greater and those below age 40. Prophylactic surgical extraction of impacted mandibular third molars, based on the assumption that surgical morbidity increases with age, may not be justifiable.

Clinical Significance

Age does not predispose patients who had surgical extraction of mandibular third molars above 40 years of age to any additional surgical complications when compared to patients below the age of 40 years receiving comparable treatment.

Citation

Adeyemo WL, Ogunlewe MO, Ladeinde AL, Hassan OO, Taiwo OA. A Comparative Study of Surgical Morbidity Associated with Mandibular Third-Molar Surgery in Young and Aging Populations. J Contemp Dent Pract [Internet]. 2010 July; 11(4):001-008. Available from: http:// www.thejcdp.com/journal/view/volume11-issue4- adeyemo


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