Editorial Board

1.
Anterior Open Bite Treated by Maxillary Posterior Teeth Intrusion Using Zygomatic Miniplates: A Case Report

  • Moshabab A Asiry ,Division of Orthodontics, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, King Saud University Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Moshabab A Asiry, Assistant Professor, Division of Orthodontics, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, e-mail: masiry@gmail.com, masiry@gmail.com
  • 2.
    To Assess and Evaluate the Variation of Mandibular Anatomy Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography Before Planning an Implant Surgery: A Population-based Retrospective Study

  • Narendra Kumar ,Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India, Department of Radiotherapy and Regional Cancer Center, Paras HMRI Hospitals, Patna, Bihar, India, Consultant Electrophysiologist, Department of Cardiology,

  • Kirti Dahiya ,Department of Prosthodontics, Institute of Dental Studies & Technologies, Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India, Kirti Dahiya, Department of Prosthodontics, Institute of Dental Studies & Technologies Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India, Phone: +917417240511, e-mail: Kirti.dahiya87@gmail.com, Kirti.dahiya87@gmail.com

  • Rohan Sikka ,Department of Prosthodontics, PDM Dental College & Research Institute, Bahadurgarh, Haryana, India,

  • Pallavi Sirana ,Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Institute of Dental Studies and Technologies Modinagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India, Pallavi Sirana, Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Institute of Dental Studies and Technologies, Modinagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India, Mobile: +919582388501, e-mail: dr.pallavisirana@gmail.com, dr.pallavisirana@gmail.com

  • Vikram Kapoor ,Department of Prosthodontics, Institute of Dental Studies and Technologies, Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India, Vikram Kapoor, Department of Prosthodontics, Institute of Dental Studies and Technologies, Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India Phone: +918882981272, e-mail: kaps5455@gmail.com, kaps5455@gmail.com
  • 3.
    A Comparison of Torque Stress on Abutment Screw of External Hexagon and Morse Taper Implant

  • Luiz R Paranhos ,Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Sergipe Lagarto, Sergipe, Brazil,

  • Eduardo dos S Rodrigues ,School of Dentistry, University of Passo Fundo (UPF-RS), Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil,

  • Paula Benetti ,Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Passo Fundo (UPF-RS), Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil,

  • Pâmela L Santos ,Department of Health Sciences, University of Araraquara (UNIARA), Araraquara-SP, Brazil,
  • 4.
    Assessment of Enamel Surface Microhardness with different Fluoride Varnishes–An In Vitro Study

  • Roshan Uthappa ,Professor, Roshan Uthappa Professor, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics Gandhi Dental College, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India, e-mail: roshanuthappa@yahoo.com, roshanuthappa@yahoo.com

  • Civy V Pulayath ,Department of Public Health Dentistry, Malabar Dental College & Research Centre, Malappuram, Kerala, India,

  • Siraj P Ismail ,Department of Public Health Dentistry, Pariyaram Dental College, Kannur, Kerala, India,

  • Shabna Moyin ,Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Sree Anjaneya Institute of Dental Sciences, Calicut, Kerala, India,

  • Sameer Punathil ,Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Sree Anjaneya Institute of Dental Sciences, Calicut, Kerala, India, Sameer Punathil, Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Sree Anjaneya Institute of Dental Sciences, Calicut, Kerala, India, Phone: +919526227454, e-mail: sameeralshifa@gmail.com, sameeralshifa@gmail.com

  • Shashit S Bavabeedu ,Restorative Dental Sciences, King Khalid University College of Dentistry, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,
  • 5.
    Comparative Analysis of Sagittal Condylar Guidance Recorded by Intraoral Gothic Arch Tracing and Panoramic Radiograph in Completely Edentulous Patients

  • Narendra Kumar ,Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India, Department of Radiotherapy and Regional Cancer Center, Paras HMRI Hospitals, Patna, Bihar, India, Consultant Electrophysiologist, Department of Cardiology,

  • Pallavi Sirana ,Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Institute of Dental Studies and Technologies Modinagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India, Pallavi Sirana, Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Institute of Dental Studies and Technologies, Modinagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India, Mobile: +919582388501, e-mail: dr.pallavisirana@gmail.com, dr.pallavisirana@gmail.com

  • Anshu Malhotra ,Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Institute of Dental Studies and Technologies Modinagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India,

  • Nandini Singhal ,Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Institute of Dental Studies and Technologies Modinagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India,

  • Nisha Chaudhary ,Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, PDM Dental College and Research Institute, Bahadurgarh, Haryana, India,
  • 6.
    Evaluation of Stress Distribution Among Two Different Preangled Abutments of Implants in Two Different Densities of Bone at Different Levels Along the Implant–In Vitro Study

  • Nibha K Singh ,Department of Prosthodontics, Lenora Institute of Dental Sciences, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India, Nibha K Singh, Department of Prosthodontics, Lenora Institute of Dental Sciences, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India, Phone: +919501544877, e-mail: drnibhakumari@gmail.com, drnibhakumari@gmail.com

  • Suma B Chalapathy ,Department of Prosthodontics, Lenora Institute of Dental Sciences, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India,

  • Roger P Thota ,Department of Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery, Lenora Institute of Dental Sciences, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India,

  • Kiran Chakravarthula ,Department of Prosthodontics, Lenora Institute of Dental Sciences, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India,

  • Ramesh Tirnati ,Department of Prosthodontics, Lenora Institute of Dental Sciences, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India,

  • Kartheek Yenugupalli ,Department of Orthodontics, Lenora Institute Of Dental Sciences, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India,
  • 7.
    Effect of Cyclic Dislodging on the Retention of Two Attachment Systems for Implant-supported Overdentures: An In Vitro Study

  • Hani Tohme ,Department of Removable Prosthodontics, Saint-Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon, Hani Tohme, Department of Removable Prosthodontics, Saint Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon, Phone: +961-3-307910 e-mail: hani@tohmeclinic.com, hani@tohmeclinic.com

  • Joseph Makzoume ,Department of Removable Prosthodontics, Saint-Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon,

  • Jihad Fakhoury ,Department of Removable Prosthodontics, Saint-Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon,

  • Carole Yared ,Department of Removable Prosthodontics, Saint-Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon,
  • 8.
    Bisphosphonate Induced Osteonecrosis of the Jaws: Our Clinical Experience at King Hussein Medical Center, Amman, Jordan

  • Hytham Al-Rabadi ,Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Royal Medical Services of Jordan Armed Forces, Amman, Jordan, Hytham Al-Rabadi, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Royal Medical Services of Jordan Armed Forces, Amman, Jordan, Phone: 00962772114711, e-mail: hythamalrabadi@yahoo.com, hythamalrabadi@yahoo.com

  • Luai K Daklalah ,Department of Anesthesiology, Royal Medical Services of Jordan Armed Forces, Amman, Jordan,

  • Mashoor Alwreikat ,Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Royal Medical Services of Jordan Armed Forces, Amman, Jordan,

  • Mohammad Alqudah ,Department of Periodontology, Royal Medical Services of Jordan Armed Forces, Amman, Jordan,

  • Moath Momani ,Department of Prosthodontics, Royal Medical Services of Jordan Armed Forces, Amman, Jordan,

  • Hind F Nsour ,Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Royal Medical Services of Jordan Armed Forces, Amman, Jordan,
  • 9.
    Clinical Impact and Cosmetic Acceptability of Chlorhexidineenriched Toothpaste and Mouthwash Application on Periodontal Disease: A Randomized Clinical Study

  • Vanessa R Magaz ,Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain,

  • Bárbara F Llovera ,Private Dentistry, Barcelona, Spain,

  • Miriam Martí ,Innovation and Development, ISDIN S.A., Barcelona, Spain,

  • Aurora Garre ,Innovation and Development, ISDIN S.A., Barcelona, Spain, Aurora Garre, Innovation and Development, ISDIN S.A, Barcelona, Spain, Phone: +34 932 402 020, e-mail: aurora.garre@isdin.com, aurora.garre@isdin.com
  • 10.
    Cytotoxic and Genotoxic effect on the Buccal Mucosa Cells of Patients Undergoing Fixed Orthodontic Treatment

  • Junaid MH Kapadia ,Department of Public Health Dentistry, Bhabha College of Dental Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India, Junaid MH Kapadia, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Bhabha College of Dental Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India, Phone: +919501544877, e-mail: drjunaid.kapadia@gmail.com, drjunaid.kapadia@gmail.com

  • Anshu R Agarwal ,Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Bhabha College of Dental Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India,

  • Samvit Mishra ,Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Bhabha College of Dental Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India,

  • Purva Joneja ,Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Bhabha College of Dental Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India,

  • Asad S Yusuf ,Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Institute of Dental Sciences, Barielly, Uttar Pradesh, India,

  • Deepak S Choudhary ,Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Bhabha College of Dental Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India,
  • 11.
    Prefabricated Laser Sintered Composite Veneers and Occlusal Vertical Dimensions: Case Reports

  • Rohit Shetty ,Narayana Nethralaya, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, Vice President, Narayana Nethralaya, Bangalore, Refractive Surgeon, Narayana Nethralaya, Bangalore, India, Senior Consultant, Cornea and Refractive Surgery, Sankara Nethralaya, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, Narayana Nethralaya Eye Hospital, Bangalore, Karanatak, India, Opthalmologist, Consultant, Vice Chairman, Vice Chairman, Narayan Nethralaya, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, Vice President, Consultant,

  • Deepak Mehta ,Reader, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics VS Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India,

  • Ipsha Singh ,Department of Prosthodontics, KLE Society\'s Institute of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, Ipsha Singh, #210, 2nd main 11th cross, HIG colony, RMV 2nd stage, Bengaluru 560094 Karnataka, India, e-mail: ipsha.s@gmail.com, ipsha.s@gmail.com

  • Stephan lampl ,Edelweiss Dentistry, Austria,

  • Naufil Chida ,Department of Prosthodontics, KLE Society\'s Institute of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India,
  • 12.
    Dentogingival Alterations and Their InƒPuence on Facial and Smile Attractiveness

  • Rudys Rodolfo de Jesus Tavarez ,Professor, Department of Postgraduate in Dentistry, CEUMA University, São Luis, Maranhão, Brazil, Avenida dos Holandeses No.07, Edificio Metropolitam, Calhau, São Luis, Maranhão, Brazil, CEP: 65071-380 Phone: (55)9832272360, e-mail: rudysd@uol.com.br, rudysd@uol.com.br

  • Adriana S Malheiros ,Department of Prosthodontics, CEUMA University, São Luis, MA, Brazil,

  • Matheus C Bandeca ,Department of Postgraduate in Dentistry, CEUMA University, São Luis, MA, Brazil,

  • Alvaro H Borges ,Department of Integrated Dental Science, Faculty of Dentistry University of Cuiabá, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil,

  • Anna C Brito ,Department of Prosthodontics, Ceuma University (UNICEUMA), São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil,

  • Júlio de A Gurgel ,Department of Prosthodontics, Ceuma University (UNICEUMA), São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil,

  • Twigg MD Hayashida ,Department of Integrated Dental Science, University of Cuiaba (UNIC), Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil.,

  • Etevaldo MM Filho ,Department of Prosthodontics, Ceuma University (UNICEUMA), São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil,
  • 13.
    Effect of Silver Nanoparticles, Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles and Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles on Microshear Bond Strength to Enamel and Dentin

  • Fatemeh Koohpeima ,Department of Operative Dentistry, Biomaterials Research Center, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Islamic Republic of Iran,

  • Zahra Jowkar ,Department of Operative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, Zahra Jowkar, Department of Operative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, Phone: +98-71-36263193, e-mail: zahrajowkar66@gmail.com, zahrajowkar66@gmail.com

  • Nazbanoo Farpour ,Department of Operative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran,

  • Mohammad J Mokhtari ,Zarghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zarghan, Iran,

  • Fereshteh Shafiei ,Department of Operative Dentistry, Oral and Dental Disease Research Centre, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran,
  • 14.
    Comparative Evaluation of Different Bone Markers in Peri-implant Crevicular Fluid of Immediate Loaded and Nonloaded Dental Implants

  • Md Imran Ul Haque ,Department of Prosthodontics, SB Patil Dental College and Hospital, Bidar, Karnataka, India,

  • Puneet Sharma ,Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, JCD Dental College, Sirsa, Haryana, India,

  • Aditya Tiwari ,Private Practitioner, Neeta Dental Health Care, Surat, Gujarat, India,

  • Sambit Subhas ,Department of Prosthodontics, Awadh Dental College and Hospital Tatanagar, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India,

  • Manu Rana ,Department of Conservative Dentistry And Endodontics, College of Medical Sciences, Bharatpur, Nepal.,
  • 15.
    Clinical Evaluation of 10% Hydrogen Peroxide on Tooth Sensitivity and Effectiveness in at Home Dental Bleaching

  • Kaprice Chemin ,Department of Restorative Dentistry, State University of Ponta Grossa, Paraná, Brazil,

  • Márcia Rezende ,School of Dentistry. Paulo Picanço School of Dentistry, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil, Márcia Rezende, School of Dentistry, Paulo Picanço School of Dentistry, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil, Phone: 85 3272-3222. e-mail: rezendemarcia@outlook.com, rezendemarcia@outlook.com

  • Fábio M Milan ,School of Dentistry. Paulo Picanço School of Dentistry, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil,

  • Thereza B Dantas ,School of Dentistry. Paulo Picanço School of Dentistry, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil,

  • Kátia do N Gomes ,School of Dentistry. Paulo Picanço School of Dentistry, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil,

  • Stella Kossatz ,Department of Restorative Dentistry, State University of Ponta Grossa, Paraná, Brazil,
  • 16.
    Prevalence of Extra Root Canal Orifices of Maxillary First Permanent Molars in a Saudi Subpopulation Utilizing Microcomputed Tomography

  • Najat M Farsi ,Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia,

  • Eman A El Ashiry ,Department of Pediatric Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Department of Pedodontic, Faculty of Dental Medicine for Girls, Al Azhar University, Egypt, Eman A El Ashiry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Department of Pedodontic, Faculty of Dental Medicine for Girls, Al Azhar University, Egypt, Phone: +966501856489, e-mail:eelashiry@kau.edu.sa; emanashkmm@yahoo.com, eelashiry@kau.edu.sa; emanashkmm@yahoo.com
  • 17.
    Revascularization in Immature and Mature Teeth with Necrotic Pulp: A Clinical Study

  • Gopal S Narayan ,Department of Conservative and Endodontics, Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

  • Padmaraj S Neelamurthy ,Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental sciences, Puducherry, India,

  • Ramachandran A Kumar ,Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

  • Balakrishnan Venkatesh ,Venkatesh Balakrishnan, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, Phone:+919940563532, e-mail: balakrishnanvenkatesh3@gmail.com, balakrishnanvenkatesh3@gmail.com

  • Sokkalingam M Venkatesan ,Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

  • Karthikeyan I ,Department of Periodontics, Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Sciences, Puducherry, India,
  • 18.
    Assessment of Lingual Concavities in Submandibular Fossa Region in Patients requiring Dental Implants– A Cone Beam Computed Tomography Study

  • Sandeep Mehta ,Rajeev Gandhi Cancer Institute, New Delhi, India, Senior Plastic Surgeon,

  • Prabhjot Kaur ,All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India, Child Neurology Division, Department of Pediatrics,

  • Anuj S Parihar ,Department of Periodontology, RKDF Dental College and Research Centre, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India,

  • Tarun Vyas ,Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, R R Dental College & Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India,

  • Shivakshi Chansoria ,Department of Oral Medicine Radiology, Index Institute of Dental Sciences, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India,

  • Bhoopendera S Rajput ,Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, RR Dental College, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India, Bhoopendera S Rajput, Deparment of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, RR Dental College, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India, Phone: +919501544877, e-mail: drbhoopnderar@gmail.com, drbhoopnderar@gmail.com
  • 19.
    Human Development Index, Ratio of Dentists and Inhabitants, and the Decayed, Missing or Filled Teeth Index in Large Cities

  • Fabio A Pereira ,School of Life Sciences, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Rua Imaculada Conceição, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil,

  • Iranilda A de Mendonça ,School of Life Sciences, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Rua Imaculada Conceição, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil,

  • Renata I Werneck ,School of Life Sciences, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Rua Imaculada Conceição, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil,

  • Simone T Moysés ,School of Life Sciences, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Rua Imaculada Conceição, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil,

  • Marilisa Carneiro Leao Gabardo ,School of Health and Biological Sciences, Universidade Positivo, Rua Prof. Pedro Viriato Parigot de Souza, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil, Marilisa CL Gabardo, School of Health and Biological Sciences, Universidade Positivo, Rua Prof. Ped o Viriato Parigot de Souza, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil, Phone: +55 41 3526-5121, e-mail: marilisagabardo@gmail.com, marilisagabardo@gmail.com

  • Samuel J Moysés ,School of Life Sciences, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Rua Imaculada Conceição, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil,
  • 20.
    ‘Third Space’ Perspective on Redefining Oral Pathology: Hypothetical Considerations

  • Barnali Majumdar ,Postgraduate Student, Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Dental Sciences, MS Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences Bengaluru, Karnataka, India,
  • 21.
    Accuracy of Implant Abutment Level Impression with and without Impression Coping

  • Yousef Jahandideh ,Department of Prosthodontics, Dental Sciences Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran,

  • Anahita A Moghaddam ,Department of Prosthodontics, Dental Sciences Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran,

  • Hossein Pourkhalili ,Department of Prosthodontics, Dental Sciences Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran, Hossein Pourkhalili, Department of Prosthodontics, Dental Sciences Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran, Phone:+989132078185, e-mail: hpkhalili@gmail.com, hpkhalili@gmail.com
  • 22.
    Comparative Analgesic Effects of Ibuprofen, Celecoxib and Tramadol after third Molar Surgery: A Randomized Double Blind Controlled Trial

  • Akinwale O Akinbade ,Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria, Akinwale O Akinbade, Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria. Phone: +234 803423 6766, e-mail: akinwaleolaleye@gmail.com, akinwaleolaleye@gmail.com

  • Kizito C Ndukwe ,Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria,

  • Foluso J Owotade ,Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria,
  • 23.
    The Relationship Between Orthodontic Force Applied by Monoblock and Salivary Levels of Alkaline Phosphatase and Lactate Dehydrogenase Enzymes

  • Mustafa M Al-Khatieeb ,Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq, Mustafa M Al-Khatieeb, Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq, Baghdad-Iraq, Phone: 009647706280098, e-mail: alkhatieeb.mustafa@gmail.com, alkhatieeb.mustafa@gmail.com

  • Reem A Rafeeq ,Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq,

  • Alan I Saleem ,Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq,

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