Editorial Board

1.
An in vitro Evaluation of Shear Bond Strength of Orthodontic Brackets after Mouth Rinse

  • Jaideep Singh ,James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, UK, Neonatal Research Fellow, James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, UK, e-mail: jaideep.singh@stees.nhs.uk,

  • Ashesh Gautam ,Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Awadh Dental College and Hospital, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand India,

  • Ashish Joshi ,Department of Oral Pathology, Joshi Dental Clinic, Jodhpur Rajasthan, India,

  • Thomas Manjooran ,Department of Pedodontics, P.S.M. College of Dental Science and Research, Thrissur, Kerala, India,

  • Swetha Raghav ,Department of Orthodontics, College of Dental Science and Hospital, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India,

  • Jaladhi H Patel ,Department of Dentistry, Government Medical College Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India, Jaladhi H Patel, Department of Dentistry, Government Medical College, Bhavnagar, Gujarat India, e-mail: drjaladhi2205@gmail.com, drjaladhi2205@gmail.com
  • 2.
    Performance of Self-adhering Flowable Composite in Class V Restorations: 18 Months Clinical Study

  • Abeer E El-Embaby ,Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; College of Dentistry, Mansoura University, Mansoura Egypt, Abeer E El-Embaby, P.O. Box 1982, Dammam 31441, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Phone: +96638574928, e-mail: aeelembaby@uod.edu.sa, aeelembaby@uod.edu.sa

  • Jehan AlHumaid ,Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,

  • Fahad A Al Harbi ,Department of Substitutive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,
  • 3.
    Plagiarism-related Dilemmas in Scientific Writing

  • Simpy A Mahuli ,Department of Public Health Dentistry, NIMS Dental College Jaipur, Rajasthan, India,

  • Amit V Mahuli ,Department of Public Health Dentistry, NIMS Dental College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, Amit V Mahuli, Department of Public Health Dentistry, NIMS Dental College and Hospital, Jaipur Rajasthan, India, Phone: +918107960145, e-mail: amitmahuli@gmail.com, amitmahuli@gmail.com
  • 4.
    Comparison of Adhesion of a Novel Pre-sintered Cobalt-Chromium to Pre-sintered Zirconia and Cast Nickel–Chromium

  • Elie E Daou ,Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dental Medicine School of Dentistry, Beirut, Lebanon, Elie E Daou, Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dental Medicine, School of Dentistry Beirut, Lebanon, e-mail: dreliedaou@gmaail.com/dreliedaou@yahoo.com, dreliedaou@gmaail.com/dreliedaou@yahoo.com

  • Mutlu Özcan ,Dental Materials Unit, Center for Dental and Oral Medicine University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland,

  • Pascale Salameh ,Department of Research and Prosthodontics, Faculty of Medical Sciences and Medicine, Beirut, Lebanon,

  • Nadin Al-Haj Husain ,Department of Reconstructive Dentistry and Gerodontology School of Dental Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland,
  • 5.
    Superoxide Dismutase, Uric Acid, Total Antioxidant Status, and Lipid Peroxidation Assay in Chronic and Aggressive Periodontitis Patients

  • Suryakanta Narendra ,Department of Periodontics, Srirama Chandra Bhanja Dental College & Hospital, Cuttack, Odisha, India,

  • Upendra K Das ,Department of Biochemistry, Srirama Chandra Bhanja Medical College & Hospital, Cuttack, Odisha, India, Upendra K Das, Department of Biochemistry, Srirama Chandra Bhanja Medical College & Hospital, Cuttack, Odisha, India, e-mail: Ukd_10@rediffmail.com, Ukd_10@rediffmail.com

  • Saroj K Tripathy ,Department of Medicine, Srirama Chandra Bhanja Medical College & Hospital, Cuttack, Odisha, India,

  • Nirmal C Sahani ,Department of Community Medicine, Govt Medical College and Hospital, Balasore, Odisha, India,
  • 6.
    Comparison of Envelope and Modified Triangular Flaps on Incidence of Dry Socket after Surgical Removal of Impacted Mandibular Third Molars: A Double-blind, Split-mouth Study

  • Hassan Mohajerani ,Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran Islamic Republic of Iran,

  • Mohammad Esmaeelinejad ,Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Islamic Republic of Iran, Mohammad Esmaeelinejad, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Islamic Republic of Iran, Phone: +982166353674, e-mail: esmaeelnejad@gmail.com, esmaeelnejad@gmail.com

  • Mehrshad Jafari ,Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran Islamic Republic of Iran,

  • Ehsan Amini ,Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran Islamic Republic of Iran,

  • Somayeh P Sharabiany ,Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran Islamic Republic of Iran,
  • 7.
    Effects of Different Stain Removal Protocols on Bonding Orthodontic Brackets to Enamel

  • Moshabab A Asiry ,Division of Orthodontics, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, King Saud University Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Moshabab A Asiry, Assistant Professor, Division of Orthodontics, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, e-mail: masiry@gmail.com, masiry@gmail.com

  • Ibrahim AlShahrani ,Assistant Professor, Ibrahim AlShahrani, Assistant Professor, Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, King Khalid University College of Dentistry, Abha 61471, PO Box 3263, Saudi Arabia, Phone: +966-7-2419293, e-mail: ishahrani@kku.edu.sa, ishahrani@kku.edu.sa

  • Khalid Abdelaziz ,Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,

  • Al Jowharah A Al AlShikh ,Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,

  • Wala AlGhamdi ,Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,

  • Hajer A Mansour ,Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,
  • 8.
    Impact of the Root Canal Taper on the Apical Adaptability of Sealers used in a Single-cone Technique: A Micro-computed Tomography Study

  • Carla Zogheib ,Senior Lecturer, Carla Zogheib, Senior Lecturer, Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry St. Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon, Phone: 009613304694 e-mail: zogheibcarla@gmail.com, zogheibcarla@gmail.com

  • Sfeir Germain ,Department of Endodontics, Saint Joseph University, Beirut Lebanon,

  • Kohli Meetu ,Department of Endodontics, University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA,

  • Khalil Issam ,Department of Endodontics, Saint Joseph University, Beirut Lebanon,

  • Naaman Alfred ,Department of Endodontics, Saint Joseph University, Beirut Lebanon,
  • 9.
    Comparative Evaluation of the Strength of Denture Base Resin repaired with Glass Fiber-reinforced Acrylic Resin: An in vitro Study

  • Ramacham P Shanoj ,Department of Prosthodontics, MES Dental College Malappuram, Kerala, India, Ramacham P Shanoj, Department of Prosthodontics, MES Dental College, Malappuram, Kerala, India e-mail: shanojrp_27@yahoo.co.in, shanojrp_27@yahoo.co.in

  • P Abdul Razak ,Department of Prosthodontics, MES Dental College Malappuram, Kerala, India,

  • K Nanda Kumar ,Department of Prosthodontics, MES Dental College Malappuram, Kerala, India,

  • John Francis ,Department of Prosthodontics, MES Dental College Malappuram, Kerala, India,

  • Kavya Ashok ,Department of Prosthodontics, MES Dental College Malappuram, Kerala, India,

  • Kattakath KMM Sameer ,Department of Periodontics, MES Dental College, Malappuram Kerala, India,
  • 10.
    The Effect of in vitro Aging and Fatigue on the Flexural Strength of Monolithic High-translucency Zirconia Restorations

  • Fawaz Alqahtani ,Department of Prosthetic Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,

  • Hosain M Almansour ,Department of Prosthodontics, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Saudi Board of Prosthodontics Program, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Hosain M Almansour, Department of Prosthodontics, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Saudi Board of Prosthodontics Program, Riyadh Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Phone: +966558408889, e-mail: dr.hosain.2012@gmail.com, dr.hosain.2012@gmail.com
  • 11.
    Vertebral Malalignment among Male Dentists with Workrelated Musculoskeletal Pain in the United Arab Emirates

  • Natheer H Al-Rawi ,Department of Oral and Craniofacial Health Sciences, College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates, Natheer H Al-Rawi, Associate Professor, Department of Oral and Craniofacial Health Sciences College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates, e-mail: nhabdulla@sharjah.ac.ae, nhabdulla@sharjah.ac.ae

  • Hibba Yousef ,Department of Oral and Craniofacial Health Sciences, College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates,

  • Muna Khamis ,Department of Oral and Craniofacial Health Sciences, College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates,

  • Ouiza Belkadi ,Department of Oral and Craniofacial Health Sciences, College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates,

  • Shaikha Ahmed ,Department of Oral and Craniofacial Health Sciences, College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates,

  • Shaikha Ali ,Department of Oral and Craniofacial Health Sciences, College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates,
  • 12.
    Versatility and Importance of Bichat's Fat Pad in Dentistry: Case Reports of Its Use in Occlusal Trauma

  • Juan FD Montero ,Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, Center for Research and Education on Dental Implants, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Santa Catarina, UFSC Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil, Juan FD Montero, Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, Center for Research and Education on Dental Implants, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Santa Catarina UFSC, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil, e-mail: jfdum@hotmail.com, jfdum@hotmail.com

  • Humberto CM de Souza ,Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, Center for Research and Education on Dental Implants, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Santa Catarina, UFSC Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil,

  • Mariana S Martins ,Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, Center for Research and Education on Dental Implants, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Santa Catarina, UFSC Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil,

  • Miguel N Oliveira ,Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, Center for Research and Education on Dental Implants, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Santa Catarina, UFSC Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil,

  • César AM Benfatti ,Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, Center for Research and Education on Dental Implants, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Santa Catarina, UFSC Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil,

  • Ricardo de Souza Magini ,Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, Center for Research and Education on Dental Implants, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Santa Catarina, UFSC Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil,
  • 13.
    Association between Ectopic Mandibular and Maxillary Canines

  • Waeil Batwa ,Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Waeil Batwa, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Phone: +9662565120520 e-mail: wbatwa@kau.edu.sa, wbatwa@kau.edu.sa

  • Ibtesam Alzain ,Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,
  • 14.
    Effect of Platelet-rich Fibrin and Free Gingival Graft in the Treatment of Soft Tissue Defect preceding Implant Placement

  • Wael Ibraheem ,Division of Periodontics, Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Wael Ibraheem, Division of Periodontics, Department of Preventive Dental Sciences College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Phone: +00966559871000, e-mail: dr.wael007@yahoo.com, dr.wael007@yahoo.com
  • 15.
    Prognostic Implication of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors in Osseointegration of Dental Implants: A 5-year Retrospective Study

  • V Deepa ,Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Venkateshwara Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, V Deepa, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Venkateshwara Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, Phone: +919501544877 e-mail: drdeepaomdr@gmail.com, drdeepaomdr@gmail.com

  • Karishma Mujawar ,Department of Conservative and Endodontics, Tatyasaheb Kore Dental College and Research Center, Kolhapur, Maharashtra India,

  • Komal Dhillon ,Department of Prosthodontics, Shaheed Kartar Singh Sarabha Dental College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India,

  • Premraj Jadhav ,Department of Prosthodontics, Yogita Dental College and Hospital, Khed, Maharashtra, India,

  • Indrani Das ,Department of Prosthodontics, Guwahati Neurological Research Centre Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India,

  • Youginder K Singla ,Department of Prosthodontics, Maharaja Ganga Singh Dental College & Research Centre, Shri Ganganagar, Rajasthan, India,
  • 16.
    Sialometric and Sialochemical Changes in Morbidly Obese Patients before and after Bariatric Surgery

  • Luiz CC Gambus ,Department of Dentistry, School of Life Sciences Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná—PUCPR, Curitiba Paraná, Brazil,

  • Aline CBR Johann ,Department of Dentistry, School of Life Sciences Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná—PUCPR, Curitiba Paraná, Brazil, Aline CBR Johann, Department of Dentistry, School of Life Sciences, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná—PUCPR, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil, Phone: +554132712592, e-mail: aline.johann@pucpr.br, aline.johann@pucpr.br

  • Patrícia VC Bettega ,Department of Dentistry, School of Life Sciences Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná—PUCPR, Curitiba Paraná, Brazil,

  • Edvaldo AR Rosa ,Department of Dentistry, School of Life Sciences Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná—PUCPR, Curitiba Paraná, Brazil,

  • Ivone MI Morimoto ,Department of Nutrition, School of Life Sciences, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná—PUCPR, Curitiba, Paraná Brazil,

  • Magda RR da Cruz ,Department of Nutrition, School of Life Sciences, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná—PUCPR, Curitiba, Paraná Brazil,

  • Luís S Nassif ,Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná—PUCPR, Curitiba, Paraná Brazil,

  • Sérgio L Rocha ,Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná—PUCPR, Curitiba, Paraná Brazil,

  • Sérgio O Ioshii ,Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná—PUCPR, Curitiba, Paraná Brazil,

  • Andresa VS Vaz ,Department of Dentistry, School of Life Sciences Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná—PUCPR, Curitiba Paraná, Brazil,

  • Juliana AL Solyon ,Department of Dentistry, School of Life Sciences Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná—PUCPR, Curitiba Paraná, Brazil,

  • Francineo Moraes ,Department of Dentistry, School of Life Sciences Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná—PUCPR, Curitiba Paraná, Brazil,

  • Sérgio A Ignácio ,Department of Dentistry, School of Life Sciences Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná—PUCPR, Curitiba Paraná, Brazil,

  • Ana MTG Hardy ,Department of Dentistry, School of Life Sciences Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná—PUCPR, Curitiba Paraná, Brazil,
  • 17.
    Miniscrew Composition, Transmucosal Profile, and Cortical Bone Thickness: A Three-dimensional Finite-element Analysis of Stress Fields

  • Orlando Motohiro Tanaka ,Professor, Orlando Motohiro TanakaProfessor, Department of Orthodontics, Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná, Curitiba, Parana, Brazil, e-mail: tanakaom@gmail.com, tanakaom@gmail.com

  • Joana EG Yépez ,Graduate Program in Orthodontics, School of Life Sciences Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil,

  • Renata M Marangon ,Graduate Program in Orthodontics, School of Life Sciences Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil,

  • Armando Y Saga ,Graduate Program in Orthodontics, School of Life Sciences Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil,

  • Key F de Lima ,Graduate Program in Mechanical Engineering, Polytechnic School, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Curitiba Brazil,
  • 18.
    Comparative Evaluation of Cytotoxicity of Root Canal Sealers on Cultured Human Periodontal Fibroblasts: In vitro Study

  • Rajesh Shetty ,Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Yenepoya Dental College Mangaluru, Karnataka, India,

  • Pritesh Jagtap ,Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College & Hospital, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India, Pritesh Jagtap, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College & Hospital, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra India, Phone: +919970849848, e-mail: drpritesh86@gmail.com, drpritesh86@gmail.com

  • Arpita Agarwalla ,Private Practitioner, Kolkata, West Bengal, India,

  • Parag Wani ,Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics Guardian College of Dental Science and Research Center Ulhasnagar, Maharashtra, India,

  • Karan Bhargava ,Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College & Hospital, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India,

  • Santosh Martande ,Department of Periodontology and Implantology, Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College & Hospital, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth Pune, Maharashtra, India,
  • 19.
    Evaluation of Biomechanical Properties of Four Loops at Different Activation: A Finite Element Method Study

  • PG Francis ,Professor and Head, Department of Orthodontics, MES Dental College, Malappuram, Kerala, India,

  • TP Mohamed Haris ,Department of Orthodontics, MES Dental College, Malappuram Kerala, India, TP Mohamed Haris, Department of Orthodontics, MES Dental College, Malappuram, Kerala, India e-mail: tpmharis@gmail.com, tpmharis@gmail.com

  • Vincy A Margaret ,Department of Orthodontics, MES Dental College, Malappuram Kerala, India,

  • Gazanafer Roshan ,Department of Orthodontics, MES Dental College, Malappuram Kerala, India,

  • Vineeth Menon ,Department of Orthodontics, MES Dental College, Malappuram Kerala, India,

  • Venith Jojee ,Department of Orthodontics, Malabar Dental College, Malappuram Kerala, India,
  • 20.
    Effect of Endodontic Irrigation Protocols on Crown Fracture Resistance

  • Marina Baechtold ,Department of Dentistry, Universidade Positivo, Curitiba Paraná, Brazil,

  • Leonardo da Cunha ,Department of Dentistry, Universidade Positivo, Curitiba Paraná, Brazil,

  • Erick Souza ,Department of Dentistry, Universidade Federal do Maranhão São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil,

  • Marilisa Gabardo ,Department of Dentistry, Universidade Positivo, Curitiba Paraná, Brazil,

  • Kauhanna de Oliveira ,Department of Dentistry, Universidade Positivo, Curitiba Paraná, Brazil,

  • Flares Baratto-Filho ,Department of Dentistry, Universidade Positivo, Curitiba Paraná, Brazil, Flares Baratto-Filho, Department of Dentistry, Universidade Positivo, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil, Phone: +554133173406, e-mail: fbaratto1@gmail.com, fbaratto1@gmail.com

  • Denise Leonardi ,Department of Dentistry, Universidade Positivo, Curitiba Paraná, Brazil,
  • 21.
    Sterilization and Biologic Monitoring in Private Dental Clinics in Lebanon

  • Zeina Majzoub ,Department of Periodontics, Lebanese University, School of Dentistry, Beirut, Lebanon,

  • Jihad Dagher ,Department of Pediatric and Public Dental Health, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon, Jihad Dagher, Department of Pediatric and Public Dental Health, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon, e-mail: jihaddagher@hotmail.com, jihaddagher@hotmail.com

  • Charles Sfeir ,Department of Periodontics and Research, School of Dental Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania USA,

  • Ahmad Abdallah ,Department of Health Data Management Administrator, Hammoud Hospital University Medical Center, Sidon, Lebanon,
  • 22.
    Antimicrobial Effect of an Experimental Glass Ionomer Cement against Pathogens associated with Deep Carious Lesions

  • Fawaz Siddiqui ,Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College & Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India, Fawaz Siddiqui, Lecturer, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College & Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India, Phone: +919890605912, e-mail: drfawazsiddiqui@gmail.com, drfawazsiddiqui@gmail.com

  • Kalepu Vamsi ,Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Penang International Dental College, Penang, Malaysia,
  • 23.
    Determinants of Support for a Smoke-free University Policy

  • Mohamed Bamashmous ,Department of Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Mohamed Bamashmous, Department of Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, e-mail: mbamashmous@kau.edu.sa, mbamashmous@kau.edu.sa

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