The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

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2013 | January-February | Volume 14 | Issue 1

EDITORIAL

Mohammed Nadeem Bijle

Intellectual Property Rights

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:1] [Pages No:0 - 0]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-14-1-i  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Iraj Mirzaii-Dizgah, Farzaneh Agha-Hosseini

p53 as a Neoplastic Biomarker in Patients with Erosive and Plaque Like Forms of Oral Lichen Planus

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:1 - 3]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1259  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

Unstimulated whole salivary p53 was assessed in patients suffering from erosive and plaque-like form of oral lichen planus (OLP).

Materials and methods

Eighteen patients with erosive form, 17 patients suffering from plaque-like form and 38 noninvolvement subjects were enrolled. The unstimulated whole saliva p53 level was assayed by ELISA.

Results

The mean concentration of salivary p53 was significantly higher in patients with plaque-like form compared to both patients with erosive form and the control group.

Conclusion

We conclude that plaque like form of OLP is important in view of the potential for malignancy and is not safety form.

Clinical significance

It seems that all forms of OLP must be considered accurately, should be followed up with biannual examinations, and if possible, assessment of salivary p53 every year.

How to cite this article

Agha-Hosseini F, Mirzaii-Dizgah I. p53 as a Neoplastic Biomarker in Patients with Erosive and Plaque Like Forms of Oral Lichen Planus. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):1-3.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Mateus Rodrigues Tonetto, Luis Roque de Araújo dos Santos, Júlio Cezar de Melo Castilho, Shelon Cristina Souza Pinto, Alvaro Henrique Borges, Darlon Martins Lima, Matheus Coelho Bandéca, Marcos André dos Santos da Silva

Comparative Analysis between Three Methods of Bone Estimating Age in Individuals with Down Syndrome by Mode of the Hand and Wrist Ray

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:4 - 8]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1260  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

de Araújo dos Santos LR, de Melo Castilho JC, Pinto SCS, Borges AH, Tonetto MR, Lima DM, Bandéca MC, dos Santos da Silva MA. Comparative Analysis between Three Methods of Bone Estimating Age in Individuals with Down Syndrome by Mode of the Hand and Wrist Ray. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):4-8.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Daphne Câmara Barcellos, Carlos Rocha Gomes Torres, Melissa Aline da Silva, Patrícia Maria Rangel, Clovis Pagani

Bond Strength of Adhesive Systems with Different Solvents to Dry and Wet Dentin

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:9 - 13]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1261  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

This study evaluates bond strength between dentin and composite using adhesives with different solvents to dry and wet dentin.

Materials and methods

Ninety bovine incisors were used; the vestibular surfaces were worn by the exposure of an area with a diameter of 4 mm of dentin. The specimens were divided into 6 groups, according to the type of adhesive used and hydratation stals: Group SB-wet: Single Bond 2 in wet dentin, Group SBdry: Single Bond 2 in dry dentin, Group SL-wet: Solobond M in wet dentin, Group SL-dry: Solobond M in dentin dry. Group XPwet: XP Bond in wet dentin, Group XP-dry: XP Bond in dentin dry. They were cut to obtain specimens in the shape of stick with 1 × 1 mm and subjected to microtensile test in universal testing machine with a cross speed of 1mm/min. The data were analyzed with ANOVA and Tukey's tests (5%).

Results

ANOVA showed significant differences for surface treatment and interaction, but no difference was found for adhesive factor. The Tukey's test showed that the samples with wet dentin shown higher values of bond strength.

Conclusion

The adhesive did not influence in the bond strength. The groups with wet dentin showed higher values of bond strength than groups with dry dentin.

How to cite this article

Silva MA, Rangel PM, Barcellos DC, Pagani C, Torres CRG. Bond Strength of Adhesive Systems with Different Solvents to Dry and Wet Dentin. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):9-13.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Daphne Câmara Barcellos, Alessandra Buhler Borges, Cesar Rogério Pucci, Carlos Rocha Gomes Torres, Melissa Aline da Silva, Graziela Ribeiro Batista, Rebeca Di Nicolo

Influence of CVD Diamond Tips and Er:YAG Laser Irradiation on Bonding of Different Adhesive Systems to Dentin

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:7] [Pages No:14 - 20]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1262  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study was to compare the microtensile bond strength of three adhesive systems, using different methods of dentin preparation.

Materials and methods

A hundred and eight bovine teeth were used. The dentin from buccal face was exposed and prepared with three different methods, divided in 3 groups: Group 1 (DT)- diamond tip on a high-speed handpiece; Group 2 (CVD)-CVD tip on a ultrasonic handpiece; Group 3 (LA)-Er: YAG laser. The teeth were divided into 3 subgroups, according adhesive systems used: Subgroup 1-Adper Single Bond Plus/3M ESPE (SB) total-etch adhesive; Subgroup 2-Adper Scotchbond SE/3M ESPE (AS) selfetching adhesive; Subgroup 3-Clearfil SE Bond/Kuraray (CS) selfetching adhesive. Blocks of composite (Filtek Z250–3M ESPE) 4 mm high were built up and specimens were stored in deionized water for 24 hours at 37°C. Serial mesiodistal and buccolingual cuts were made and stick-like specimens were obtained, with transversal section of 1.0 mm2. The samples were submitted to microtensile test at 1 mm/min and load of 10 kg in a universal testing machine. Data (MPa) were subjected to ANOVA and Tukey's tests (p < 0.05).

Results and conclusion

Surface treatment with Diamond or CVD tips associated with Clearfil SE Bond adhesive produced significantly lower bond strength values compared to other groups. Surface treatment with Er: YAG laser associated with Single Bond Plus or Clearfil SE Bond adhesives and surface treatment with CVD tip associated with Adper Scotchbond SE adhesive produced significantly lower bond strength values compared to surface treatment with diamond or CVD tips associated with Single Bond Plus or Adper Scotchbond SE adhesives.

Clinical significance

Interactions between laser and the CVD tip technologies and the different adhesive systems can produce a satisfactory bonding strength result, so that these associations may be beneficial and enhance the clinical outcomes.

How to cite this article

Silva MA, Di Nicolo R, Barcellos DC, Batista GR, Pucci CR, Torres CRG, Borges AB. Influence of CVD Diamond Tips and Er:YAG Laser Irradiation on Bonding of Different Adhesive Systems to Dentin. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):14-20.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

T Praveen Kumar Reddy, Kolasani Srinivasa Rao, Garlapati Yugandhar, B Sunil Kumar, SN Chandrasekhar Reddy, Devatha Ashok Babu

Comparison of Shear Bond Strength of Resin Reinforced Chemical Cure Glass Ionomer, Conventional Chemical Cure Glass Ionomer and Chemical Cure Composite Resin in Direct Bonding Systems: An in vitro Study

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:21 - 25]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1263  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Rao KS, Reddy TPK, Yugandhar G, Kumar BS, Reddy SNC, Babu DA. Comparison of Shear Bond Strength of Resin Reinforced Chemical Cure Glass Ionomer, Conventional Chemical Cure Glass Ionomer and Chemical Cure Composite Resin in Direct Bonding Systems: An in vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):21-25.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Siavash Savadi Oskoee, Mahmoud Bahari, Amir Ahmad Ajami, Mehdi Abed Kahnamoii, Soodabeh Kimyai, Fatemeh Pournaghi-Azar

Effect of Three Different Contamination Removal Methods on Bond Strength of a Self-etching Adhesive to Dentin Contaminated with an Aluminum Chloride Hemostatic Agent

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:8] [Pages No:26 - 33]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1264  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

This study evaluated the effect of three different contamination removal methods on bond strength of one-step self-etching adhesive to dentin contaminated with an aluminum chloride hemostatic agent.

Materials and methods

One hundred noncarious adult molars were used in this study; 2-mm-thick dentin disks were prepared and randomly assigned to 5 groups (n = 20). Group I: control; group II: hemostatic agent-contaminated; group III: hemostatic agent-contaminated and rinsing with water; group IV: hemostatic agent-contaminated and ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) application; and group V: hemostatic agent-contaminated and phosphoric acid application. Clearfil S3 Bond was used to bond composite to dentin surfaces. Subsequent to adding composite cylinders the shear bond strength test was performed. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey test. Two additional specimens from each group were prepared and evaluated under scanning electron microscope (SEM).

Results

There were statistically significant differences in bond strength among the groups (p < 0.001). In two-by-two comparisons statistically significant differences were observed in bond strength values between all the groups (p < 0.001) except for groups I and IV (p = 0.933).

Conclusion

Aluminum chloride hemostatic agent adversely affected the bond strength of self-etch adhesive to dentin. However, application of EDTA increased the bond strength to the level of normal dentin.

Clinical significance

EDTA and phosphoric acid removed aluminum chloride hemostatic agent contamination of dentin surfaces. However, unlike EDTA phosphoric acid failed to increase the bond strength of self-etch adhesive to dentin to the level of the control group.

How to cite this article

Ajami AA, Kahnamoii MA, Kimyai S, Oskoee SS, Pournaghi-Azar F, Bahari M, Firouzmandi M. Effect of Three Different Contamination Removal Methods on Bond Strength of a Self-etching Adhesive to Dentin Contaminated with an Aluminum Chloride Hemostatic Agent. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):26-33.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Rajendra Baad, Sushma Bommanavar, Sonam C Kapse, Nanita Rathod, Jyoti Mandlik, Anupam S Sharma

Quantitative Assessment of Myofibroblast in Severe Dysplasia, Microinvasion and Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma: An Immunohistochemical Study

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:34 - 38]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1265  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Kapse SC, Rathod N, Baad R, Mandlik J, Sharma AS, Bommanavar S. Quantitative Assessment of Myofibroblast in Severe Dysplasia, Microinvasion and Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma: An Immunohistochemical Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):34-38.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Tejraj Pundalik Kale, SM Kotrashetti, Archana Louis, JB Lingaraj, BU Sarvesh

Mandibular Ramus Fractures: A Rarity

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:39 - 42]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1266  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

To determine the incidence of mandibular ramus fractures in KLE's PK Hospital and to analyze the outcome of open reduction and internal fixation of these fractures.

Materials and methods

Using a retrospective study design, records of all trauma patients who reported to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, KLE's PK Hospital Belgaum, between the years January 2006 to October 2011 was obtained from the medical records office. The data variables that were analyzed were the name, age, sex, cause of injury, pretreatment occlusion, treatment given, period of MMF and post-treatment occlusion.

Results

Total number of mandibular fracture cases was 298. Ramus fractures were 10 in number which accounted for 3.3% of fractures. The age range of these 10 patients was seen to be between 20 to 80 years with the average age being 35.6 years. Of these 10 patients, 9 were male and 1 was female and 7 patients were treated by open reduction and internal fixation and the remaining 3 by closed reduction. The average period of MMF was 3 days for the patients who underwent open reduction and internal fixation. There was improvement in occlusion in all 10 patients post-treatment and there was no complication reported in any of the cases.

Conclusion

Ramus fractures accounted for 3.3% of all mandibular fractures. Open reduction and internal fixation of ramus fractures ensures adequate functional and anatomic reduction.

Clinical significance

This study makes an attempt to throw a light on the increasing incidence of ramus fractures and a successful management of these fractures by open reduction and internal fixation.

How to cite this article

Kale TP, Kotrashetti SM, Louis A, Lingaraj JB, Sarvesh BU. Mandibular Ramus Fractures: A Rarity. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):39-42.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Emmanuel JNL Silva, Carlos Vieira Andrade Junior, Juliana Melo Da Silva, Caio Cesar Randi Ferraz

Lateral Radiographic Technique: An Alternative Approach for Anterior Teeth

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:43 - 46]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1267  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

To describe the lateral radiographic technique, its use and indication.

Background

The clinician's difficulty in performing the correct diagnosis for some endodontic situations sometimes leads to a compromised treatment of some teeth. Considering this, an alternative radiographic technique for anterior teeth (lateral radiographic technique - LRT) may be used to help endodontic diagnosis.

Technique

This technique use a periapical radiographic film or sensor that is placed vertically in the anterior portion of maxilla or mandible and with the beam passing perpendicular to the radiographic film its possible to evaluate the possibility of a fenestration on the buccal cortical bone plate; differentiate overextension and overfilling; indentify root fractures; confirm the presence and location of an instrument in the root canal system; and assess the treatment of root perforations.

Conclusion

LRT is an easy and cheap technique that can be used to help in anterior teeth diagnosis.

Clinical significance

Considering that LRT is easy to perform and available at low cost, it could be utilized more by clinicians in the dental office in order to quickly assist in diagnosis. As a complimentary radiographic examination for anterior teeth, it could become a useful supplement to aid the clinical practice.

How to cite this article

Andrade CV Jr, Leal Silva EJN, Da Silva JM, Ferraz CCR. Lateral Radiographic Technique: An Alternative Approach for Anterior Teeth. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):43-46.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Zalilah Tapsir, Hany Mohamed Aly Ahmed, Norhayati Luddin, Adam Husein

Sealing Ability of Various Restorative Materials as Coronal Barriers between Endodontic Appointments

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:47 - 50]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1268  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

To evaluate and compare the microleakage of various restorative materials used as coronal barriers between endodontic appointments.

Materials and methods

Eighty extracted human permanent posterior teeth were prepared for standardized access cavities with dimensions of 4 × 4 × 4 mm. The teeth were then randomly divided into four groups; Kalzinol, Caviton, GC Fuji IX and GC Fuji II LC. After incubation, the samples were immersed in 2% methylene blue for 7 days. The depth of penetration was measured using a digital macroscope after longitudinal sectioning of each tooth. Kruskal-Wallis (p < 0.05) and multiple Mann-Whitney test with Bonferroni correction (p < 0.008) were used for data analysis.

Results

The degree of microleakage varied at the material/ tooth interface among the test materials, and the difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05). GC Fuji II LC group showed the least median microleakage value (0.8105 ± 0.305), followed by Caviton (1.1885 ± 0.396), GC Fuji IX (3.3985 ± 0.305) and Kalzinol (4.161 ± 0.853).

Conclusion

Within the limitations of this study, GC Fuji II LC exhibited the best marginal seal, and has the potential to be used as a suitable coronal barrier between endodontic appointments.

Clinical significance

Given the prime importance that dental practitioners should thoroughly restore any tooth with a suitable coronal barrier between endodontic appointments, this study shows that Fuji II LC has the ability to maintain a hermetic seal for 7 days.

How to cite this article

Tapsir Z, Ahmed HMA, Luddin N, Husein A. Sealing Ability of Various Restorative Materials as Coronal Barriers between Endodontic Appointments. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):47-50.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

PV Ravi Chandra, V Harikumar, D Ramkiran, MJN Krishna, M Veerabhadra Gouda

Microleakage of Class V Resin Composites using Various Self-etching Adhesives: An in vitro Study

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:51 - 55]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1269  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background and aims

Microleakage has been identified as a significant problem with composite restorations because of interfacial gap formation which can result in tooth discoloration, recurrent caries, possible pulpal involvement and restoration replacement. Aim of this study is to evaluate the microleakage of self-etch adhesive system at the coronal and apical margins of class V resin composite restorations under stereomicroscope at 20× magnification.

Materials and methods

Class V cavities were prepared on the facial surfaces of 48 human premolars with coronal margins located in enamel and apical margins located in dentin. Teeth were divided into four groups: Group one—Xeno V; group two— G-Bond; group three—Clearfil S3 Bond; group four—control. After application of bonding agent and restoration, the teeth were subjected to thermocycling. The teeth were then immersed in 1% aqueous solution of methylene blue dye for 24 hours and sectioned to allow the assessment of microleakage under microscope.

Results

Coronal and apical margins were scored separately using a 0-3 ordinal ranking system and the recorded values were statistically analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis, Mann- Whitney U-test and Wilcoxon signed rank test. Statistical analysis showed that there was less microleakage in Xeno V at coronal region and Clearfil S3 Bond in apical region, overall Clearfil S3 Bond showed less marginal permeability in both coronal and apical regions.

Conclusion

Specimens restored with the Xeno V and Clearfil S3 Bond adhesive systems revealed reduced leakage at the coronal margin. At the apical margin, Xeno V showed greater leakage than the other groups, except the control.

Clinical significance

In class V restorations restored with composite resin, the choice of material affects the microleakage and retention of the restoration. This study theorizes that the self-etch adhesives show less microleakage in the coronal area than the apical margin.

How to cite this article

Chandra PVR, Harikumar V, Ramkiran D, Krishna MJN, Gouda MV. Microleakage of Class V Resin Composites using Various Self-etching Adhesives: An in vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):51-55.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

S Nagalaxmi Reddy, DN Jayashankar, Mohanthomas Nainan

The Effect of Flowable Composite Lining Thickness with Various Curing Techniques on Microleakage in Class II Composite Restorations: An in vitro Study

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:56 - 60]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1270  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

Aim of this study was to compare class II composite restoration using flowable composites as lining with various thickness and curing techniques by evaluating cervical marginal microleakage.

Materials and methods

Fifty intact molars, each prepared with two box-only class II cavities, were randomly divided into five groups: Group I, P60 filling alone; group II, ultrathin flowable composite lining (0.5-1mm) cocured with overlying composite; group III, thin lining (1-1.5) cocured with overlying composite; group IV, ultrathin lining (0.5-1 mm) precured and group V, thin lining (1-1.5) precured. The teeth were then thermocycled for 1500 cycles (between 5 and 60 °C) and immersed in dye for 24 hours. Cervical microleakage was measured as the extent of dye penetration.

Results

Cocured specimens (groups II and III) showed least microleakage and control specimens (group I) showed maximum microleakage. On comparison of curing techniques, cocured specimens (groups II and III) showed less microleakage than precured (groups IV and V). On comparison of lining thickness and type of curing, group IV showed less microleakage than group V. Groups II and III were statistically not significant.

Conclusion

It was concluded from the results that ultrathin cocured flowable composite lining specimens improved the marginal sealing with decreased microleakage.

Clinical significance

In this study, the application of additional flowable composite lining with various thicknesses presented different influences in marginal quality of class II box only composite restorations. A new technique applying an ultrathin flowable composite lining with cocuring technique improved the marginal sealing with decreased microleakage. Restorations with thin lining presented reduced marginal integrity after thermocycling.

How to cite this article

Reddy SN, Jayashankar DN, Nainan M, Shivanna V. The Effect of Flowable Composite Lining Thickness with Various Curing Techniques on Microleakage in Class II Composite Restorations: An in vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):56-60.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Anil Patil, Jyoti Mandlik, Anupam S Sharma, Mitesh D Kathariya, Rutiga H Jadav

Evaluate the Usage of Different Advanced Endodontic Instruments and Techniques in Pediatric Dentistry

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:61 - 64]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1271  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objective

The purpose of study is to find the prevalence of usage of different advanced endodontic instruments and techniques in pediatric dentistry.

Materials and methods

A self-administered, structured questionnaire written in English validated through a pretested survey was randomly mailed to the postgraduate students in different dental colleges. A total of 182 of the complete filled questionnaires were returned with response rate of 68.2%. The data were analyzed using the SPSS version 15.0. The Student's t-test and ANOVA test were used as test of significance. Karl Pearson's correlation test was used to assess years of education and usage of endodontic instruments.

Results

There was a limited use of new endodontic technologies in the present study. The highest positive response to the usage of advanced endodontic instruments was related to NiTi rotary files with highest number seen among 3rd year students. A linear relationship was found between years of postgraduation and usage of advanced endodontic instruments using Karl Pearson's correlation coefficient.

Clinical significance

Based on the results of the present study, it seems that the usage of advanced endodontic instruments is not up to the level. Also we found increased use of new technologies with years of postgraduation.

How to cite this article

Kathariya MD, Patil S, Patil A, Jadav RH, Mandlik J, Sharma AS. Evaluate the Usage of Different Advanced Endodontic Instruments and Techniques in Pediatric Dentistry. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):61-64.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

N Simhachalam Reddy, Nallala Amarendra Reddy, A Kaleswara Rao, Siddesh Kumar

The Effect of Denture Cleansers on Resiliency of Soft Lining Materials

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:6] [Pages No:65 - 70]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1272  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

The present study was undertaken to determine the effect of denture cleansers on resiliency of soft liner.

Materials and methods

Two soft liners (Molloplast-B and Refit) and two denture cleansers (Clinsodent and Fittydent) were taken. Cylindrical aluminum dies were constructed of 12 mm length and 8 mm diameter at the ratio of 1.5:1. The samples are tested with Hounsfield tensometer.

Observation and results

Effect of both the denture cleansers on the lining materials was shown in the form of Graphs 1 and 2. The elastic recovery of Molloplast B in dry, Fittydent and Clinsodent is comparatively more than refit, but in control group the elastic recovery of both the material is almost equal.

Conclusion

Heat processed soft liners recover faster/better in a shorter time interval when compared to self-processed liners which takes longer time for the recovery. This time period is very important as the cushioning effect of the soft liner require an elastic recovery between the masticatory strokes.

Clinical implications

Greater the softness and better the elastic recovery of the denture soft liner, more effective would be its performance clinically. Silicon based material, such as Molloplast-B, rebounds quickly and would seem preferable to a material that is acrylic based. It is possible that, if the response is too slow or the elastic recovery is less, there may only be a partial recovery of the lining between the masticatory strokes. Progressive thinning of the lining materials might then occur resulting in a reduced cushioning effect.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Mina Zarei, Maryam Javidi, Mahdi Erfanian, Mahdi Lomee, Farzaneh Afkhami

Comparison of Air-driven vs Electric Torque Control Motors on Canal Centering Ability by ProTaper NiTi Rotary Instruments

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:71 - 75]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1273  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

Cleaning and shaping is one of the most important phases in root canal therapy. Various rotary NiTi systems minimize accidents and facilitate the shaping process. Todays NiTi files are used with air-driven and electric handpieces. This study compared the canal centering after instrumentation using the ProTaper system using Endo IT, electric torque-control motor, and NSK air-driven handpiece.

Materials and methods

This ex vivo randomized controlled trial study involved 26 mesial mandibular root canals with 10 to 35° curvature. The roots were randomly divided into 2 groups of 13 canals each. The roots were mounted in an endodontic cube with acrylic resin, sectioned horizontally at 2, 6 and 10 mm from the apex and then reassembled. The canals were instrumented according to the manufacturer's instructions using ProTaper rotary files and electric torque-control motors (group 1) or air-driven handpieces (group 2). Photographs of the cross-sections included shots before and after instrumentation, and image analysis was performed using Photoshop software. The centering ability and canal transportation was also evaluated. Repeated measurement and independent t-test provided statistical analysis of canal transportation.

Results

The comparison of the rate of transportation toward internal or external walls between the two groups was not statistically significant (p = 0.62). Comparison of the rate of transportation of sections within one group was not significant (p = 0.28).

Conclusion

Use of rotary NiTi file with either electric torquecontrol motor or air-driven handpiece had no effect on canal centering.

Clinical significance

NiTi rotary instruments can be used with air-driven motors without any considerable changes in root canal anatomy, however it needs the clinician to be expert.

How to cite this article

Zarei M, Javidi M, Erfanian M, Lomee M, Afkhami F. Comparison of Air-driven vs Electric Torque Control Motors on Canal Centering Ability by ProTaper NiTi Rotary Instruments. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):71-75.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Mateus Rodrigues Tonetto, Marcelo Ferrarezi de Andrade, Shelon Cristina Souza Pinto, Alvaro Henrique Borges, Matheus Coelho Bandéca, Alessandra de Nara Souza Rastelli, José Roberto Cury Saad, Fábio Luis Miranda Pedro

Degree of Conversion of Polymer-matrix Composite assessed by FTIR Analysis

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:76 - 79]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1274  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aims and objectives

The behavior of polymer-matrix composite is dependent on the degree of conversion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of conversion of two resin cements following storage at 37°C immediately, 24 and 48 hours, and 7 days after light-curing by FTIR analysis.

Materials and methods

The specimens were made in a metallic mold and cured with blue LED with power density of 500 mW/ cm2 for 30 seconds. The specimens were pulverized, pressed with KBr and analyzed with FTIR following storage times.

Statistical analysis used

ANOVA (two-way) and Tukey's post hoc.

Results

To the polymer-matrix composites between 24 and 48 hours does not show a significant increase (p > 0.05), however, the highest values were found after 7 days.

Conclusion

The polymer-matrix composites used in this study showed similarity on the degree of conversion and increased of according to the time of storage.

How to cite this article

Tonetto MR, Pinto SCS, de Nara Souza Rastelli A, Borges AH, Saad JRC, Pedro FLM, de Andrade MF, Bandéca MC. Degree of Conversion of Polymer-matrix Composite assessed by FTIR Analysis. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):76-79.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Naveen S Yadav, Teerthesh Jain, Amrita Pandita, SMA Feroz, UK Kartika, Praval Pratap Singh

A Comparative Evaluation of Flexural Strength of Commercially Available Acrylic and Modified Polymethylmethacrylate: An in vitro Study

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:80 - 83]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1275  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the flexural strength of commercially available acrylic (trevalone) and modified polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA).

Materials and methods

Four groups were tested; Group 1— control group regular MMA, group 2—2% methacrylic acid, 88% MMA, group 3—16% methacrylic acid, 84% MMA group 4— 20% methacrylic acid, 80% MMA 15 resin specimens of each group were polymerized. After processing, the specimens were subjected for flexural strength testing using three point bending test in a Universal Testing Machine. All data was statistically analyzed with one-way ANOVA, differences within the groups were analyzed by Scheffe's analysis.

Results

As the ratio of incorporated methacrylic acid to PMMA increased, the flexural strength decreased. Analysis of data revealed a significant decrease in flexural strength of specimens (p < 0.000) after incorporation of 12%, 16%, 20% methacrylic acid to heat polymerized acrylic resin, when compared with the control group. Lowest flexural strength was observed with specimens containing 20% methacrylic acid and highest flexural strength was observed with specimens containing conventional monomer without methacrylic acid.

Conclusion

It was observed that as the concentration of methacrylic acid in heat polymerized acrylic resin increases, the flexural strength decreases. Lowest flexural strength was observed with specimens containing 20% methacrylic acid and highest flexural strength was observed with specimens containing conventional monomer without methacrylic acid.

Clinical significance

The major advantages of addition of methacrylic acid to polymethylmethacrylate could be for the elderly people with restricted manual dexterity or cognitive disturbances, especially for patients who do not follow an adequate denture cleansing protocol and diabetic patients who are more susceptible for denture stomatitis.

How to cite this article

Jain T, Yadav NS, Pandita A, Feroz SMA, Kartika UK, Singh PP. A Comparative Evaluation of Flexural Strength of Commercially Available Acrylic and Modified Polymethylmethacrylate: An in vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):80-83.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

K Venkata Srikanth, Surendra Nath Garapati, Priyadarshini , Piyush Raturi, Dinesh Shetty

An in vitro Evaluation of Diametral Tensile Strength and Flexural Strength of Nanocomposite vs Hybrid and Minifill Composites cured with Different Light Sources (QTH vs LED)

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:6] [Pages No:84 - 89]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1276  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background

Composites always remained the target of discussion due to lot of controversies around it. Mechanical properties are one of them. With the introduction of new technology and emergence of various composites which combine superior strength and polish retention, nanocomposites have led to a new spark in the dentistry. A recent curing unit LED with various curing modes claims to produce higher degree of conversion.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the diametral tensile strength and flexural strength of nanocomposite, hybrid and minifill composites cured with different light sources (QTH vs LED).

Materials and methods

Seventy-two samples were prepared using different specially fabricated teflon molds, 24 samples of each composite were prepared for the diametral tensile strength (ADA specification no. 27) and the flexural strength (ISO 4049) of the 12 samples, six were cured with LED (Soft Start curing profile) and other six with QTH curing light and tested on a universal testing machine.

Results

The nanocomposite had highest diametral tensile strength and flexural strength which were equivalent to the hybrid composite and superior than the minifill composite.

Conclusion

With the combination of superior esthetics and other optimized physical properties, this novel nanocomposite system would be useful for all posterior and anterior applications.

How to cite this article

Garapati SN, Priyadarshini, Raturi P, Shetty D, Srikanth KV. An in vitro Evaluation of Diametral Tensile Strength and Flexural Strength of Nanocomposite vs Hybrid and Minifill Composites cured with Different Light Sources (QTH vs LED). J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):84-89.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Güliz N Güncü, Gülüzar Büyüktepe, Sezen B AÕkin, Kamer Klllnç, Celal Tümer, Tolga F Tözüm

Inpatient Evaluation of Periodontal, Esthetic and Inflammatory Parameters around Dental Implants and Natural Teeth

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:6] [Pages No:90 - 95]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1277  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

The use of endosseous dental implants (DI) has become a successful treatment alternative. However, providing periimplant tissue health and achieving a natural esthetic look are important topics in this treatment. The aim of the present study was to evaluate periodontal and esthetic parameters around DI and natural teeth (NT) and also to analyze myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and peri-implant sulcus fluid (PISF).

Materials and methods

Twenty DI supported fixed prosthesis and contralateral 20 NT were enrolled to the present study. Clinical periodontal parameters (probing depth, clinical attachment level, gingival bleeding time index and gingival index) were recorded and GCF/PISF samples were obtained from mesial (mesiobuccal and mesiolingual) and distal (distobuccal and distolingual) sites of DI and NT. MPO levels were spectrophotometrically determined. Additionally clinical photographs were obtained and esthetical evaluations were performed by using Jemt papilla index. The parameters belong to DI and NT were compared and correlations were evaluated using statistical analysis.

Results

A total of 40 samples were evaluated. No statistically significant differences were detected between groups in all periodontal parameters and MPO levels from mesial and distal sites. Jemt papilla index scores were slightly higher in NT however, this difference was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). Total PES score were similiar in DI and NT groups. Significant correlations were detected between MPO and gingival index values as expected.

Clinical significance

Dental implants are satisfactory treatments, they provide patient esthetic natural looking, phonetic and masticatory functions.

How to cite this article

Güncü GN, Büyüktepe G, AÕkin SB, KlllnH K, Tümer C, Tözüm TF. Inpatient Evaluation of Periodontal Esthetic and Inflammatory Parameters around Dental Implants and Natural Teeth. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):90-95.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Bijle Mohammed Nadeem Ahmed, Monika Bhalla, Shahzad S Mumkekar, KV Murali

Awareness of Dental Surgeons in Pune and Mumbai, India, regarding Chemomechanical Caries Removal System

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:96 - 99]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1278  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

To evaluate awareness of dental surgeons in Pune and Mumbai, India regarding chemomechanical caries removal system (CMCR).

Study design

Sixty practicing dental surgeons from Mumbai (30) and Pune (30) were surveyed using questionnaire.

Materials and methods

Qualitative data was collected on the basis of structured schedule questionnaire method.

Statistics

Statistical analysis was done using SPSS v. 12.0. To test statistical significance, Chi-square test, Fishers exact test and Mann-Whitney U test were used.

Results

Of total respondents, 46.7% dental surgeons in Pune and 13.3% in Mumbai were aware about CMCR products. Carisolv® was known to 57.1% of dental surgeons in Pune and 75% in Mumbai, whereas, Papacarie® was known to 28.6% of dentists in Pune and none in Mumbai among the respondents aware about CMCR products.

Conclusion

A significantly higher proportion of dental surgeons from Pune were aware about CMCR products compared to Mumbai. Dental surgeons from Mumbai were unaware about Papacarie®. Almost equal proportion of Dentists from Mumbai and Pune would like to undergo CDE programs to seek knowledge on CMCR, particularly Papacarie®.

How to cite this article

Bijle MNA, Patil S, Mumkekar SS, Arora N, Bhalla M, Murali KV. Awareness of Dental Surgeons in Pune and Mumbai, India, regarding Chemomechanical Caries Removal System. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):96-99.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Hamid Jafarzadeh, Mohammadreza Nakhaei, Jalil Ghanbarzadeh, Shirin Keyvanloo, Samin Alavi

Shade Matching Performance of Dental Students with Three Various Lighting Conditions

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:100 - 103]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1279  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

To evaluate the ability of dental students to match shades under three various light conditions.

Materials and methods

Sixty senior dental students participated in this study. All students were tested for color deficiency using Ishahara's tests. Nine classical vita shade tabs were randomly selected and their identification codes were concealed. The students were asked to match these 9 selected items by using a complete vita shade guide under three various light conditions (natural light, clinical light, and correcting light source). The chosen shade tabs were recorded and the correct matches were counted. Scores were calculated by adding the number of correct matches.

Results

The mean values of correct match scores with natural light, clinical light and correcting light source were 4.82, 4.75 and 6.82, respectively. There was no significant difference in correct matches scores between men and women, nor among various vita A, B, C and D shades.

Conclusion

The students showed a better performance in shade matching under the correcting light source than natural light and clinical light. Gender had no effect on shade matching selection and there was no difference in shade matching ability among vita A, B, C, D shades.

Clinical significance

Shade matching performance is significantly improved with correcting light source.

How to cite this article

Nakhaei M, Ghanbarzadeh J, Keyvanloo S, Alavi S, Jafarzadeh H. Shade Matching Performance of Dental Students with Three Various Lighting Conditions. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):100-103.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

M Hemanth, Baswaraj , Jayasudha , Chandrashekhargouda Patil, P Sunilkumar, HP Raghuveer, B Chandralekha

An Experimental Study of Arch Perimeter and Arch Width Increase with Mandibular Expansion: A Finite Element Method

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:7] [Pages No:104 - 110]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1280  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aims

The objective of this study was to estimate the increase in arch perimeter associated with mandibular lateral expansion, To estimate the increase in intermolar width with mandibular lateral expansion and to find out the changes of tooth inclination with mandibular expansion.

Materials and methods

The mandibular bone with dentition of indian skeletal specimen was obtained. The computer tomogram (CT) slices of the mandible were taken. Finite element model (FEM): Numerical representation of the geometry was created by dividing the geometry into finite number of elements and the elements were connected together with nodes at the junction.

Results

The result of the study showed when 10° of lateral expansion was applied to the lower buccal segment at the center of rotation found at 4.3 mm below the root apex of first molar, a space of 1.3 mm between the canine and first premolar, and thus an increase in arch perimeter of 2.6 mm.

Conclusion

The tip of the mesiolingual cusp of the first molar moved 4.2 mm laterally, resulting in a change in intermolar width by 8.4 mm. Three-dimensional simulation showed that 1 mm of intermolar expansion increased the arch perimeter by 0.30 mm.

Clinical significance

As the finite element method evolves and scientists are able to more clearly define physical properties of biological tissues, more accurate information can be generated at the level that other analytical methods cannot fully provide data. This result would be of value clinically for prediction of the effects of mandibular expansion.

How to cite this article

Baswaraj, Hemanth M, Jayasudha, Patil C, Sunilkumar P, Raghuveer HP, Chandralekha B. An Experimental Study of Arch Perimeter and Arch Width Increase with Mandibular Expansion: A Finite Element Method. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):104-110.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Nadeem Husain, AR Yusuf Ahammed, Debapriya Pradhan, Vikranth Shetty, Anup Kumar Panda, Sachin Gunda, Sachin Gugwad

Prevalence of Malocclusion among 12 to 15 Years Age Group Orphan Children using Dental Aesthetic Index

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:111 - 114]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1281  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objective

The study was done to determine the prevalence of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment among orphan children.

Materials and methods

The sample consisted of 165 orphan children aged between 12 and 15 years. A clinical examination was used to determine the orthodontic treatment need according to the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). The statistical software namely SPSS version 15.0 was used for the analysis different parameters as gender and age.

Results

The prevalence of definite, severe and very severe malocclusion was more among males than females and it increased with age. 16.4% subjects needed orthodontic treatment ranging from slight to mandatory form.

Clinical significance

The prevalence and severity of malocclusion was more among orphan children as they are deprived of healthy lifestyle. So, they should be identified and corrective measures instituted at the earliest to prevent a widespread impact on their psychological development.

How to cite this article

Ahammed ARY, Shetty V, Panda AK, Gunda S, Pradhan D, Husain N, Gugwad S. Prevalence of Malocclusion among 12 to 15 Years Age Group Orphan Children using Dental Aesthetic Index. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):111-114.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

AR Yusuf Ahammed, Suprakash Boddu, Amit Thareja, Raghavendra Kandaswamy, Nilesh Kumar, Sarvesha Bhondwe (Mahajan)

Knowledge and Attitude of Patients toward Dental Implants as an Option for Replacement of Missing Teeth

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:115 - 118]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1282  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objective

The present study was undertaken to access the level of knowledge and attitude of patients toward implant treatment as an option for replacement of missing teeth.

Materials and methods

An epidemiological study was conducted among 440 subjects who attended the OPD of two Departments (Prosthodontics and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery). A self-administered structured closed ended questionnaire pretested through a pilot survey was used in the study. The data were analyzed using the SPSS version 15.0. The Student's t-test and ANOVA test were used as test of significance.

Results

Out of 440 subjects asked about the knowledge and attitude about implants, only 33.3% had heard of implants as a treatment modality and dentists were the main source of information. Very few people had undergone implant surgery. The level of awareness increased with education. The main factor for not having implants was due to its high treatment charges. However, they were interested to know more about the implant treatment modality.

Conclusion

The survey was conducted in a dental institute and majority of the participants were unaware about dental implants. It also showed that need for providing more information to the patients about this treatment modality.

How to cite this article

Suprakash B, Ahammed ARY, Thareja A, Kandaswamy R, Kumar N, Bhondwe S. Knowledge and Attitude of Patients toward Dental Implants as an Option for Replacement of Missing Teeth. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):115-118.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Rajashree Gondhalekar, KM Jose Richard, MG Jayachandra, Sachin Aslam, Vamsi Nilay Reddy, Aparna S Barabde

Effect of Tongue Cleaning Methods and Oral Mutans Streptococci Level

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:119 - 122]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1283  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

Tongue scraping and brushing have been appreciated for hundreds of years but are still appreciated or used by the public. Scientific evidence has validated the need to practice habitual and tongue cleaning as part of daily home oral hygiene procedures.

Objective

To assess and compare the effect of tongue scraping and tongue brushing on oral Mutans streptococci level.

Materials and methods

A total of 20 healthy subjects aged 14 to 15 years were randomly selected. Flat plastic tongue scraper and Nylon multitufted small headed toothbrush are the two tongue cleaning devise used. Unstimulated salivary samples were obtained at 4 intervals from each individual. Salivary samples were inoculated on Mitis Salivary Agar Plate and Sorbital Broth was used for identification of Mutans streptococci group.

Results

Paired and unpaired ‘t’ test were employed. Reduiction in the Mutans streptococci level from 48.4 × 104 CFU and 38.3 × 104 CFU at baseline in tongue scraping and tongue brushing group respectively to 0.34 × 104 and 0.39 × 104 CFU after 7th day.

Conclusion

Both tongue coating removal methods evaluated were efficient in reducing mutans streptococci level. This implies that physical removal of the coating on the dorsum of the tongue is important and not the method used for the same.

How to cite this article

Gondhalekar R, Richard KMJ, Jayachandra MG, Aslam S, Reddy VN, Barabde AS. Effect of Tongue Cleaning Methods and Oral Mutans Streptococci Level. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):119-122.

CASE REPORT

José Augusto César Discacciati, Eduardo Lemos de Souza, Sérgio Carvalho Costa, Vinícius de Magalhães Barros, Walison Arthuso Vasconcellos

Increased Vertical Dimension of Occlusion: Signs, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Options

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:6] [Pages No:123 - 128]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1284  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Discacciati JAC, de Souza EL, Vasconcellos WA, Costa SC, Barros VM. Increased Vertical Dimension of Occlusion: Signs, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Options. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1): 123-128.

CASE REPORT

DN Jayashankar, M Manjunatha, N Shubhashini, Shija , VC Sunil Kumar

Supernumerary Lateral Incisor

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:129 - 132]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1285  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Kini A, Manjunatha M, Shubhashini N, Shija, Kumar VCS, Jayashankar DN. Supernumerary Lateral Incisor. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):129-132.

CASE REPORT

Poorandokht Davoodi, Loghman Rezaei-Soufi, Mina Jazaeri, Adineh Javadian Langaroodi, Seyed Hossein Hoseini Zarch

Submandibular Abscess due to an Infected Keratocystic Odontogenic Tumor associated with Simultaneous Occurrence of a Traumatic Bone Cyst: A Rare Case Report

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:133 - 136]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1286  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

The aim of this report is to introduce a rare case in which an infected keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT) was initially diagnosed and treated as a dentoalveolar abscess.

Background

Keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT) is a benign neoplasm that can be secondarily infected. However, cervical soft tissue abscess formation as a result of an infected odontogenic cyst or tumor is a rare condition few of which have only been described in the existing literature. Also, there has been a single report regarding the coincidence of a traumatic bone cyst and a keratocytic odontogenic tumor to date.

Case report

The patient was a 29-year-old male, complaining of fever, pain and swelling in the left submandibular region. The panoramic radiography showed a well-defined and partially corticated radiolucency between the roots of the second and third left mandibular molars. In addition, a well-corticated radiolucent lesion was incidentally found on the right side of the mandible, which, following surgical exploration, was diagnosed as a traumatic bone cyst.

Conclusion

In the present report, an infected KCOT manifested as a cervical abscess, coincided with a traumatic bone cyst.

Clinical significance

From the clinical point of view, it is of paramount significance to prevent misdiagnosis of similar presentations as pulp and periapical lesions, which may lead to mistreatment and thus complications.

How to cite this article

Davoodi P, Rezaei-Soufi L, Jazaeri M, Javadian Langaroodi A, Hoseini Zarch SH. Submandibular Abscess due to an Infected Keratocystic Odontogenic Tumor associated with Simultaneous Occurrence of a Traumatic Bone Cyst: A Rare Case Report. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1): 133-136.

CASE REPORT

Vamsi Gelli, Sunil S Mutalik, Vimi Sunil Mutalik, Ravikant Manyam

Primary Gingival Tuberculosis Diagnosis: A Difficult Endeavor

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:137 - 139]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1287  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

To highlight the importance of considering tuberculosis in the differential diagnosis even in the absence of confirmation from several investigations and diagnostic aides.

Background

Tuberculosis is a common infectious granulomatous disease caused by various strains of mycobacteria. An oral lesion when seen in association with tuberculosis is very rare and in most cases is noticed secondary to pulmonary forms.

Case report

We report a case of primary gingival tuberculosis in 20-year-old female patient who presented with treatment resistant gingivitis. Patient had no evidence of disease elsewhere in the body and several diagnostic tests also failed to reveal the presence of the causative organism. Resolution of gingivitis was noted following a therapeutic trial of antitubercular drugs.

Conclusion

Therefore the importance of including tuberculosis in the differential diagnosis of inflammatory disorder of the gingiva is very essential in order to avoid one of the most lethal forms of infections often overlooked.

Clinical significance

It is essential to consider tuberculosis as one of the differential diagnosis in India even when several diagnostic tests are negative for tuberculosis.

How to cite this article

Gelli V, Mutalik SS, Mutalik VS, Manyam R. Primary Gingival Tuberculosis Diagnosis: A Difficult Endeavor. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):137-139.

CASE REPORT

Naresh Lingaraju, PJ Nagarathna, R Vijayalakshmi, P Sheshadri

Osteogenesis Imperfecta/Lobstein Syndrome associated with Dentinogenesis Imperfecta

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:140 - 142]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1288  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Lingaraju N, Nagarathna PJ, Vijayalakshmi R, Sheshadri P. Osteogenesis Imperfecta/ Lobstein Syndrome associated with Dentinogenesis Imperfecta. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):140-142.

REVIEW ARTICLE

BN Praveen, AR Shubhasini, R Bhanushree, PS Sumsum, CN Sushma

Radiation in Dental Practice: Awareness, Protection and Recommendations

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:6] [Pages No:143 - 148]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1289  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Praveen BN, Shubhasini AR, Bhanushree R, Sumsum PS, Sushma CN. Radiation in Dental Practice: Awareness, Protection and Recommendations. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):143-148.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Renato de Toledo Leonardo, Carlos Garcia Puente, Alejandro Jaime, Carol Jent

Mechanized Instrumentation of Root Canals Oscillating Systems

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:149 - 152]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1290  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

de Leonardo RT, Puente CG, Jaime A, Jent C. Mechanized Instrumentation of Root Canals Oscillating Systems. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):149-152.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Lalita G Nanjannawar, Jiwanasha Manish Agrawal, Manish Suresh Agrawal, Anita D Parushetti

CBCT in Orthodontics: The Wave of Future

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:153 - 157]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1291  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Clinical significance

CBCT provides an excellent tool for accurate diagnosis, more predictable treatment planning, more efficient patient management and education, improved treatment outcome and patient satisfaction. This article focuses on various applications of cone beam CT technology in orthodontics.

How to cite this article

Agrawal JM, Agrawal MS, Nanjannawar LG, Parushetti AD. CBCT in Orthodontics: The Wave of Future. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):153-157.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

K Srinivas Reddy, N Venugopal Rao, A Sudheer, R Sunil Kumar Reddy, R Vamshidhar Reddy, P Lakshmipathy Reddy

DiaTreat: A New Method of Communication for Better Diagnosis and Treatment of Dental Problems

[Year:2013] [Month:January-February] [Volume:14] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:158 - 161]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1292  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

The aim of this article is to present a simple method of communication between two oral health professionals so that the problem can be conveyed easily and treatment options obtained equally easily and quickly, using current electronic communication technologies.

Background

Treatment of dental problems involves a thorough understanding of the underlying dental and medical conditions. The arena of dentistry being ever changing, with new specialties arising each year, it has become virtually impossible for an average dentist to keep track of all the treatment modalities available for various problems at a given time. It is the duty of a dentist, however, to treat his patients to the best of his ability. Professional ethics bind the other health professionals to render their opinion to the dentist so that the patient will ultimately get the best possible treatment. Method of communication is the only problem remaining in the path to achieving a total oral health care.

Technique

DiaTreat is a unique method of clinical charting by which a dentist can incorporate all the ailments affecting his patient, and by withholding the patients name and address, can communicate with any of his colleagues for their opinion on the best treatment option for his patient.

Conclusion

It is a new and innovative method of communication between a dentist and specialist. Even though it has some shortcomings of its own, on a wider range, the advantages far outweigh the drawbacks of the system.

Clinical and academic significance

This can also be used by educational institutes for easy communication during interdisciplinary exchanges. Improvements need to be made yet to incorporate all the ailments known in dental discipline and make communication a comprehensive one.

How to cite this article

Reddy KS, Reddy RSK, Sudheer A, Reddy RV, Rao NV, Reddy PL. DiaTreat: A New Method of Communication for Better Diagnosis and Treatment of Dental Problems. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(1):158-161.

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