The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

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2017 | March | Volume 18 | Issue 3

EDITORIAL

A Genomic Microchip for Oral Cancer

[Year:2017] [Month:March] [Volume:18] [Number:3] [Pages:2] [Pages No:175 - 176]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2011  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Sarode GS, Sarode SC, Maniyar N, Patil S. A Genomic Microchip for Oral Cancer. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(3):175-176.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Roza Haghgoo, Motahareh Ahmadvand, Mohammad Nyakan, Mojtaba Jafari

Antimicrobial Efficacy of Mixtures of Nanosilver and Zinc Oxide Eugenol against Enterococcus faecalis

[Year:2017] [Month:March] [Volume:18] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:177 - 181]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2012  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

This study aimed to assess the antimicrobial efficacy of 0, 0.5, 2, and 5 wt% nanosilver in conjunction with zinc oxide eugenol (ZOE) against Enterococcus faecalis.

Materials and methods

Nanosilver in 0.5, 2, and 5 wt% concentrations was added to ZOE and the antibacterial activity of the mixtures on E. faecalis was assessed using disk diffusion method, and the results were reported as the diameter of the growth inhibition zone.

Results

The diameters of the growth inhibition zones around 0, 0.5, 2, and 5 wt% concentrations of nanosilver particles were not significantly different at 24 and 48 hours and 1 week; however, the difference with the azithromycin disk was significant.

Conclusion

Considering the lack of a significant increase in the diameter of the growth inhibition zones around 0, 0.5, 2, and 5 wt% ZOE containing nanosilver, it appears that addition of nanosilver up to 5 wt% cannot improve the antibacterial properties of ZOE sealer against E. faecalis.

Clinical significance

Microorganisms present in the root canal system of primary teeth are mainly responsible for endodontic infections. Enterococcus faecalis is the most important cause of endodontic failure. Application of sealers that decrease the adhesion and colonization of bacteria, as well as susceptibility to bacterial infections can greatly help in this regard. Using these sealers in conjunction with antibacterial agents, such as nanosilver particles may yield higher antibacterial efficacy.

How to cite this article

Haghgoo R, Ahmadvand M, Nyakan M, Jafari M. Antimicrobial Efficacy of Mixtures of Nanosilver and Zinc Oxide Eugenol against Enterococcus faecalis. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(3):177-181.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Ayah A Al-Asmar, Khaled S Hatamleh, Muhanad Hatamleh, Mohammad Al-Rabab'ah

Evaluating Various Preparation Protocols on the Shear Bond Strength of Repaired Composite

[Year:2017] [Month:March] [Volume:18] [Number:3] [Pages:6] [Pages No:182 - 187]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2013  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of different combinations of various surface treatments on the shear bond strength (SBS) of repaired composite resin.

Materials and methods

A total of 122 composite samples were prepared from Filtek Z350 XT. Samples were light cured and stored for 6 weeks. Surface treatment of old composite was done in five groups: Group I: bur roughening + phosphoric acid etching, group II: bur roughening + hydrofluoric acid etching + silane coupling agent, group II: air abrasion + phosphoric acid etching, group IV: air abrasion + phosphoric acid etching + silane coupling agent, group V: air abrasion + hydrofluoric acid etching + silane coupling agent. Bonding agent was applied to all surface-treated old composites and light cured. The fresh composite resin was bonded to treated surfaces and cured and stored in water at 37°C for 6 weeks. Shear bond strength was measured by a universal testing machine.

Results

Shear bond strength values of all groups were not statistically significant except for group V, which showed statistically significant higher SBS than group III.

Conclusion

Techniques with readily available materials at the clinic can attain similar SBS to more elaborate technique involving potentially hazardous materials.

How to cite this article

Al-Asmar AA, Hatamleh KS, Hatamleh M, Al-Rabab'ah M. Evaluating Various Preparation Protocols on the Shear Bond Strength of Repaired Composite. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(3):182-187.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Zuhal Kirzioğlu, Z Zahit Çiftçi, Ceylan Ç Yetiş

Clinical Success of Fiber-reinforced Composite Resin as a Space Maintainer

[Year:2017] [Month:March] [Volume:18] [Number:3] [Pages:6] [Pages No:188 - 193]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2014  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

The early loss of deciduous molars is a frequently encountered problem in dentistry. Various space maintainer designs were developed to prevent the loss of the space. The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term clinical performance and survival rates of fiber-reinforced composite resin (FRCR) as a space maintainer clinically.

Materials and methods

This study was designed on 44 children who had early missed deciduous molars. Space maintainers were prepared on plaster models of patients and fixed directly to the adjacent teeth. Survival rate and whether it causes any damage to adjacent teeth were examined clinically and radiographically for 24 months or until failure. Kaplan–Meier survival analysis was used for the statistical analyses.

Results

Overall, 16.2% of space maintainers were dislodged and accepted to be failed at the end of 12 months. At the 24-month control, 52.2% success was stated with the FRCR space maintainer and because of permanent tooth eruption, 31.8% of space maintainer were taken out. The mean duration of space maintainers was measured to be 14.8±3.48 months. There was no statistical significance between survival time and gender, tooth number, localization, and measured space (p > 0.05).

Conclusion

After all 24 months follow-up, as well as esthetic properties of FRCR space maintainer, their applicability in a single seance and strength against the forces are determined as the advantages of the technique.

Clinical significance

The FRCR space maintainers can be thought of as alternatives to metal space maintainers.

How to cite this article

Kirzioğlu Z, Çiftçi ZZ, Yetiş CÇ. Clinical Success of Fiber-reinforced Composite Resin as a Space Maintainer. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(3):188-193.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Himanshu Gupta, Prahlad Gupta

Evaluation of the Role of Music as a Nonpharmacological Technique in Management of Child Patients

[Year:2017] [Month:March] [Volume:18] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:194 - 197]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2015  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

Behavior management and reducing anxiety and pain are very important for success of treatment. Hence, apart from pharmacological management, such as conscious sedation, nonpharmacological interventions like music play a significant role. This study aims to evaluate the effects of music in reducing anxiety, pain, and behavior management.

Materials and methods

This study was conducted at the Department of Pedodontics in 2015. It consisted of 60 patients, age ranging from 3 to 7 years, who required dental treatment with local anesthesia. They were divided into three groups of 20 each. Group I consisted of upbeat music distraction group. Group II consisted of relaxing music distraction group. Group III consisted of control group. We scheduled the treatment in two visits. We used Venham picture test, North Carolina behavior rating scale, and visual analog scale test for the study. Baseline heart rate was also recorded.

Results

No significant differences were found among the three groups based on three scales used in the study.

Conclusion

Management of child patient in dental clinic is a challenge for clinician. Apart from various pharmacological techniques, management of pediatric patients using audio music distraction has been introduced. However, music did not produce a reduction in pain, anxiety, or disruptive behavior.

Clinical significance

Various pharmacological techniques are present for the management of pediatric patients. Apart from it, there is need of introducing nonpharmacological techniques to reduce pain, anxiety, and to alter behavior of child. By this study, we have tried to evaluate the usefulness of music in child management.

How to cite this article

Gupta N, Gupta H, Gupta P, Gupta N. Evaluation of the Role of Music as a Nonpharmacological Technique in Management of Child Patients. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(3):194-197.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Carlos Estrela, Felipe C Sampaio, Ana PP Brito, Heloisa HP Veloso, Ana HG de Alencar, Daniel de A Decurcio, José AP de Figueiredo

Flute and Shank Dimensions of Reciprocating Instruments before and after Simulated Root Canal shaping

[Year:2017] [Month:March] [Volume:18] [Number:3] [Pages:7] [Pages No:198 - 204]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2016  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

This study analyzed the effect of the dimensions of the flute and shank in the first 4 mm of instrument tips on the deformation and dimensional changes of reciprocating instruments after root canal shaping (RCS).

Materials and methods

The reciprocating instruments used were Reciproc® R25, R40, and R50; WaveOne® Small, Primary, and Large; and Unicone® #20, #25, and #40. Scanning electron microscopy images of the first 4 mm of the tip were acquired at 30× magnification before and after simulated curved root canals were shaped. Each instrument was used only once. The images were transferred to the AxioVision® software to measure the flute area (µm2, shank area (µm2), flute length (µm), and crosssectional diameter (µm). Student's t test for paired samples was used to compare differences before and after RCS, and analysis of variance followed by the Tukey test, to compare differences between instruments of similar sizes. The instruments were classified according to deformations after RCS.

Results

Reciproc® instruments had larger flutes and smaller shanks. The Reciproc® R40 had significant differences in crosssectional diameter at 0.5 mm from the tip. Reciproc® had no plastic deformations. Unicone® #20 instruments had significant differences in cross-sectional diameter at 1.5 and 3.0 mm from the tip, and #25 instruments had differences at 1.5 and 3.0 mm and in length of the second and third flutes. One #20 and three #40 instruments had plastic deformations. The differences in length of the first and fourth flutes of WaveOne® Primary and in cross-sectional diameter at 2.0 mm from the tip of WaveOne® Large were significant. Two of three WaveOne® Large instruments had plastic deformations.

Conclusion

Reciproc® instruments had greater flute areas and lengths and smaller shanks than Unicone® and WaveOne® instruments of similar sizes. Reciproc® instruments had a greater flute-to-shank ratio. WaveOne® instruments had the lowest flute-to-shank ratio. Unicone® instruments had the most plastic deformations. Instruments with larger flutes and smaller shanks had fewer plastic deformations after curved RCS.

Clinical significance

The knowledge of mechanical behavior before choosing the endodontic instrument may avoid fracture, regardless of the clinical condition, and it is essential to the success of root canal treatment.

How to cite this article

Sampaio FC, Brito APP, Veloso HHP, Alencar AHG, Decurcio DA, Figueiredo JAP, Estrela C. Flute and Shank Dimensions of Reciprocating Instruments before and after Simulated Root Canal shaping. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(3):198-204.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Suneel V Vadavadagi, Kiran M Dhananjaya, Rashmi P Yadahalli, M Lahari, Shilpa R Shetty, BL Bhavana

Comparison of Different Post Systems for Fracture Resistance: An in vitro Study

[Year:2017] [Month:March] [Volume:18] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:205 - 208]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2017  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

Endodontic restoration becomes a challenging task for the clinician because of severe loss of coronal tooth structure owing to trauma, caries, restorative, and endodontic procedures. The restoration of these teeth requires the use of a post and core as individual units or as abutment supports for fixed or removable restorations in a predictable long-term manner.

Aim

To compare and assess the compressive bond strength of glass, quartz, and carbon fiber posts restored with porcelainfused- to-metal (PFM) crown.

Materials and methods

A total of 45 upper central incisor teeth having straight root canals, similar anatomically root segments, and fully developed apices were selected. Teeth were divided into three groups of 15 teeth after endodontic treatment. Group I: Teeth inserted with the prefabricated glass fiber post. Group II: Teeth inserted with the quartz fiber post. Group III: Teeth inserted with carbon fiber post. The posts were placed and core was fabricated using composite restoration followed by PFM crown cementation using adhesive resin. Compressive load required to fracture the tooth was measured using a universal loading machine. The difference between the variables was assessed by one-way analysis of variance, followed by Tukey's post hoc test.

Results

The compressive strength exhibited by carbon fiber posts was highest with a mean of 668.33 ± 26.397, followed by quartz fiber post (635.80 ± 30.390). Least compressive strength was exhibited by glass fiber post (567.53 ± 26.632). An analysis of variance shows statistically highly significant difference (p < 0.005) among the posts used.

Conclusion

This study concluded that the carbon fiber posts had higher compressive strength than other quartz, glass fiber posts.

Clinical significance

Endodontic treatment results in loss of a significant part of the tooth structure. Posts restore these teeth and provide retention.

How to cite this article

Vadavadagi SV, Dhananjaya KM, Yadahalli RP, Lahari M, Shetty SR, Bhavana BL. Comparison of Different Post Systems for Fracture Resistance: An in vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(3):205-208.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Effect of newly Developed Resin Cements and Thermocycling on the Strength of Porcelain Laminate Veneers

[Year:2017] [Month:March] [Volume:18] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:209 - 213]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2018  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of different luting cements and accelerated artificial aging (AAA) in the fracture resistance of porcelain laminate veneers (PLVs).

Materials and methods

A total of 80 disc-shaped specimens were prepared using computer-aided design/computer-aided milling technology from lithium disilicate glass-ceramic blocks. Specimens (0.5 mm thick, 10 mm diameter) were divided into eight groups of 10 specimens per group. The control groups consisted of specimens without cement and not subjected to AAA (CN group) and specimens prepared without cement but subjected to AAA (CW group). The experimental groups were subjected to AAA and cemented with Variolink Veneer, Variolink Esthetic LC, Variolink Esthetic DC, RelyX Unicem, RelyX Veneer, or RelyX Ultimate. Specimens were individually tested for biaxial flexure on a universal testing machine. One-way analysis of variance and the Tukey's post hoc test were used to compare the groups’ significance statistically (α = 0.05).

Results

The loads to fracture (LTF) values in the CN group were higher than those in the CW and experimental groups. The lowest LTF value was in the CW group (31.5 ± 9.5 N) and the highest LTF value in the CN group (56.7 ± 10.6 N). Tukey's post hoc test demonstrated a statistically significant (p < 0.01) difference between the CN group and the other groups.

Conclusion

Artificial aging had a significant effect on the LTF value of the tested specimens compared with the resin cements used. Cohesive failure within the PLVs was the most common mode of failure.

Clinical significance

Fatigue strength of dental ceramics and moisture was shown to affect the mechanical properties of allceramic restorations. All-ceramic material is extremely sensitive to humidity and thermocycling.

How to cite this article

Alqahtani FI. Effect of newly Developed Resin Cements and Thermocycling on the Strength of Porcelain Laminate Veneers. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(3):209-213.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Vinisha Pandey, Harsh Priyank, Abhishek Bagul, Kishore Kumar Majety, Parul Verma, Basanta Kumar Choudhury

Evaluation of 4% Sodium Hypochlorite in eliminating Enterococcus faecalis from the Root Canal when Used with Three Irrigation Methods: An in vitro Study

[Year:2017] [Month:March] [Volume:18] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:214 - 217]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2019  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

Endodontic treatment removes all pathogens, such as Enterococcus faecalis from pulp and root canals. The aim of this study is to assess the usefulness of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) in removing E. faecalis from the root canal used with three different irrigation methods.

Materials and methods

This study was conducted on freshly extracted maxillary incisors. After biomechanical preparation, root canals were injected with E. faecalis. Three groups were made which contained 30 teeth in each group; 2 mL of NaOCl solution was used for irrigation followed by agitation with K-files in group I; 2 mL of NaOCl solution was used for irrigation and ultrasonic agitation was done in group II. In group III, an alternate irrigation with NaOCl and 3% hydrogen peroxide was done. The fourth group (control) was irrigated with sterile saline solution. E. faecalis bacteria were sampled to the root canals with paper points and were transferred to tubes that contained 5 mL of brain heart infusion broth. Tubes were incubated and the presence of broth turbidity was suggestive of bacteria remaining in the root canal.

Results

All three groups showed no statistically significant difference. However, difference existed between experimental groups and control groups.

Conclusion

The author concluded that all three methods of application of NaOCl were effective in disinfecting the root canal than the saline solution.

Clinical significance

No single irrigant has 100% efficiency. Thus by this study, a best irrigating solution with maximum properties can be established.

How to cite this article

Priyank H, Pandey V, Bagul A, Majety KK, Verma P, Choudhury BK. Evaluation of 4% Sodium Hypochlorite in eliminating Enterococcus faecalis from the Root Canal when Used with Three Irrigation Methods: An in vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(3):214-217.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Roshani M Chawla, Pranjan Mitra, Sahana H Shetiya, Deepti R Agarwal, D Satya Narayana, Nikhil Bomble

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Women in Slums of Pimpri, Chinchwad, Pune, Maharashtra, India, regarding Usage of Mishri

[Year:2017] [Month:March] [Volume:18] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:218 - 221]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2020  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

Mishri is one of the form of smokeless tobacco, which is a roasted, powdered preparation made by baking tobacco on a hot metal plate until it is uniformly black, after which it is powdered. It is noted that mishri use is more commonly used by the women of low socioeconomic status, hence the need was felt to conduct this study among women mishri users of slums. Also, the consequences of mishri use are little known, hence an effort is made to find out its ill-effect on oral health.

Objective

To assess knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) among women using mishri regarding its effects on their oral and general health.

Materials and methods

A 6-month KAP study was conducted among 100 women who were using mishri. Snowball sampling was used. Oral examination of the participants was also done for oral potentially malignant disorders, such as leukoplakia, erythroplakia, oral submucous fibrosis, and hyperkeratinized pouch.

Results

About 61% of the population used mishri for cleaning the teeth and others used it as quid; 0.85% of the total participants knew that the use of mishri may lead to precancerous lesions/conditions. Only 17% knew that mishri use can cause gum disease; 84% of the population was willing to quit the habit of using mishri.

Conclusion

It is concluded that all the participants had poor knowledge. Attitude toward quitting mishri use was found to be good. About 4% of the participants reported about quitting the habit.

Clinical significance

There is need to create awareness regarding harmful effects of mishri usage in this particular area to improve oral health status.

How to cite this article

Chawla RM, Mitra P, Shetiya SH, Agarwal DR, Narayana DS, Bomble N. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Women in Slums of Pimpri, Chinchwad, Pune, Maharashtra, India, regarding Usage of Mishri. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(3):218-221.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Soodeh Tahmasbi, Tahereh Sheikh, Yasamin B Hemmati

Ion Release and Galvanic Corrosion of Different Orthodontic Brackets and Wires in Artificial Saliva

[Year:2017] [Month:March] [Volume:18] [Number:3] [Pages:6] [Pages No:222 - 227]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2021  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

To investigate the galvanic corrosion of brackets manufactured by four different companies coupled with stainless steel (SS) or nickel–titanium (NiTi) wires in an artificial saliva solution.

Materials and methods

A total of 24 mandibular central incisor Roth brackets of four different manufacturers (American Orthodontics, Dentaurum, Shinye, ORJ) were used in this experimental study. These brackets were immersed in artificial saliva along with SS or NiTi orthodontic wires (0.016”, round) for 28 days. The electric potential difference of each bracket/ wire coupled with a saturated calomel reference electrode was measured via a voltmeter and recorded constantly. Corrosion rate (CR) was calculated, and release of ions was measured with an atomic absorption spectrometer. Stereomicroscope was used to evaluate all samples. Then, samples with corrosion were further assessed by scanning electron microscope and energydispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Two-way analysis of variance was used to analyze data.

Results

Among ions evaluated, release of nickel ions from Shinye brackets was significantly higher than that of other brackets. The mean potential difference was significantly lower in specimens containing a couple of Shinye brackets and SS wire compared with other specimens. No significant difference was observed in the mean CR of various groups (p>0.05). Microscopic evaluation showed corrosion in two samples only: Shinye bracket coupled with SS wire and American Orthodontics bracket coupled with NiTi wire.

Conclusion

Shinye brackets coupled with SS wire showed more susceptibility to galvanic corrosion. There were no significant differences among specimens in terms of the CR or released ions except the release of Ni ions, which was higher in Shinye brackets.

How to cite this article

Tahmasbi S, Sheikh T, Hemmati YB. Ion Release and Galvanic Corrosion of Different Orthodontic Brackets and Wires in Artificial Saliva. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(3):222-227.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Jagan K Baskaradoss, Abdulaziz M AlBaker, Fahad F AlBaqami, Tariq M AlHarbi, Mohammad D AlAmri

Oral Health Status and Oral Health-related Quality of Life among Hospitalized and Nonhospitalized Geriatric Patients

[Year:2017] [Month:March] [Volume:18] [Number:3] [Pages:6] [Pages No:228 - 233]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2022  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

The purpose of this study was to compare the oral health status and its effect on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of hospitalized and nonhospitalized elderly patients in a single community. The null hypothesis for the study states that there is no difference in the oral health status and OHRQoL between hospitalized and nonhospitalized elderly patients.

Materials and methods

This study was conducted at the King Khalid Hospital and College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A total of 99 (43 – hospitalized and 56 – nonhospitalized) geriatric patients participated in this study. Oral health-related quality of life was estimated using the geriatric oral health assessment index questionnaire. Decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index and plaque index were used to assess the oral health status of the study participants.

Results

The mean age of the study participants was 68.2 years; 17.2% were females and 82.8% were males. There was no significant difference between hospitalized and nonhospitalized patients in OHRQoL and DMFT index. However, the oral hygiene status was better among nonhospitalized patients as compared with hospitalized patients.

Conclusion

There was a significant difference in the oral hygiene status between hospitalized and nonhospitalized geriatric patients.

Clinical significance

Caregivers must be sensitized to the importance of oral health for the elderly population, and oral health should be considered an integral component of general health.

How to cite this article

AlBaker AM, AlBaqami FF, AlHarbi TM, AlAmri MD, Baskaradoss JK. Oral Health Status and Oral Healthrelated Quality of Life among Hospitalized and Nonhospitalized Geriatric Patients. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(3):228-233.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Shilpa H Bhandi, Mohammed E Sayed, Razan A Bosly, Huda A Hakami, Maryam H Mugri

Patterns of Restorative Failure among Khat and Shammah Users in Jazan City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Cross-sectional Survey

[Year:2017] [Month:March] [Volume:18] [Number:3] [Pages:7] [Pages No:234 - 240]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2023  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

The effect of Khat and Shammah habits, with the parafunctional jaw activities that accompany them, on the integrity of the natural dentition, dental restorations, and prostheses has not yet been investigated. This study is the first attempt to identify the patterns of restorative failure among Khat chewers and Shammah users in Jazan City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Materials and methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted in 294 recruits among dental clinics in Jazan City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, from October 1, 2015, to April 30, 2016. The patients were surveyed and examined to identify the type of restorations/prosthesis they had and their failures. Bivariate analysis was conducted to investigate the association of the restorative failure with the demographic variables. General linear model was performed to investigate the association between restorations/prostheses failure and Khat/Shammah use with the controlling factors of age and gender as independent variables.

Results

Khat/Shammah use was statistically significantly associated with restorative failure (p < 0.05) relative to amalgam, composite, crowns, fixed partial dentures, removable partial dentures, and complete dentures. In addition, a significant association of restorative failure was observed with gender, education, and brushing.

Conclusion

Consumption of Khat/Shammah may be attributed as one of the reasons associated with restorative failure among the Saudi population.

How to cite this article

Sayed ME, Bosly RA, Hakami HA, Mugri MH, Bhandi SH. Patterns of Restorative Failure among Khat and Shammah Users in Jazan City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Cross-sectional Survey. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(3):234-240.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Roberta Okamoto, Lorraine P de Faria, Marina F Amaral, Melyna M de Almeida, Daniela A Brandini, Wilson R Poi

Treatment of Extrusive Luxation in Permanent Teeth: Literature Review with Systematic Criteria

[Year:2017] [Month:March] [Volume:18] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:241 - 245]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2024  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

Extrusive luxation is a traumatic dental injury caused by the action of oblique forces, characterized by partial displacement of the tooth out of its socket. The ideal treatment for this type of trauma involves repositioning the tooth in its socket. However, in cases where the tooth cannot be repositioned, different options may be considered, such as intentional reattachment and orthodontic intrusion. The aim is to review the literature on the extrusive luxation of permanent teeth while assessing the risks of complications for two methods of delayed treatment for extrusive luxation.

Materials and methods

An electronic search from August 2005 to August 2014 was performed by two reviewers independently, and conflicts were resolved by a third reviewer. The databases used were PubMed and Scopus; the reviewers performed a manual search of the following journals: Dental Traumatology, American Journal of Orthodontics, and Clinical Oral Investigation.

Results

After removing the duplicate studies, 328 articles were found. Out of these, 321 were rejected as not addressing the proposed research topic. In addition, five articles were excluded because apical repositioning was used for treatment. Therefore, four articles formed the basis of the study.

Conclusion

Factors, such as root formation, the degree of tooth mobility, and the presence of tooth vitality were decisive for the choice of treatment. However, both treatments were effective and showed favorable results, i.e., without periodontal and root damage.

Clinical Significance

Knowledge of the risks of complications among two methods of delayed treatment for extrusive luxation, as well as other important factors to take into consideration when choosing a treatment assists dentists in improving the prognostic.

How to cite this article

Amaral MF, de Almeida MM, de Faria LP, Brandini DA, Poi WR, Okamoto R. Treatment of Extrusive Luxation in Permanent Teeth: Literature Review with Systematic Criteria. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(3):241-245.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Hamid Jafarzadeh, Zahed Mohammadi, Sousan Shalavi, Rasoul Sahebalam, Jun-Ichiro Kinoshita

Additive and reducing Effects between Calcium Hydroxide and Current Irrigation Solutions

[Year:2017] [Month:March] [Volume:18] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:246 - 249]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2025  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

Microorganisms should be considered to have the major role in starting and perpetuation of pulpo-periapical diseases. Using intracanal medicaments is necessary to gain a bacteria-free environment in the canal system. Calcium hydroxide (abbreviated as Ca(OH)2), which is the most commonly used medicament in endodontic therapy, has been shown to be effective against primary sources of infection; however, its effectiveness against some microorganisms, such as Candida albicans and Enterococcus faecalis has not been proved. On the other hand, sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), chlorhexidine (CHX), and iodine potassium iodide (IKI) have been shown to be the potent medicaments against these microorganisms. Because of this fact, combination of Ca(OH)2 and some irrigants of the root canal has been suggested as potential intracanal medicaments. The aim of this literature review is to identify and address the efficacy of Ca(OH)2 in combined with some of these irrigating solutions.

How to cite this article

Mohammadi Z, Jafarzadeh H, Shalavi S, Sahebalam R, Kinoshita JI. Additive and reducing Effects between Calcium Hydroxide and Current Irrigation Solutions. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(3):246-249.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Saleh Alwadei

Early Orthognathic Surgery: A Review

[Year:2017] [Month:March] [Volume:18] [Number:3] [Pages:7] [Pages No:250 - 256]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2026  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

Management of growing patients with severe developmental jaw abnormalities can be very difficult. Early surgical intervention may be warranted in situations where function (e.g., mastication, swallowing, breathing, or speech) and/or psychological well-being could be negatively affected. Many surgeons and orthodontists are reluctant to recommend a surgical treatment option for growing patients with severe developmental jaw abnormalities because of their age. Specific surgical procedures can be performed during growth to correct developmental jaw abnormalities with predictable results. A sound understanding of the facial growth and the effects of the surgical procedures on subsequent growth is essential when managing growing patients with severe developmental jaw abnormalities. Children with severely progressive congenital deficiencies affecting function/health should be distinguished from ones with severe developmental jaw abnormalities that can be managed later in life. In this review, we will focus on the management of growing patients with developmental jaw abnormalities who seek orthodontic treatment, rather than patients with progressive congenital deformities affecting function and/or health.

How to cite this article

Alwadei S. Early Orthognathic Surgery: A Review. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(3):250-256.

CASE REPORT

Carlos Estrela, José AP de Figueiredo, Gustavo G Kunert, Itaborai R Kunert, Fernando B Barletta

Nonconventional Therapeutic Protocol for Type III Dens Invaginatus

[Year:2017] [Month:March] [Volume:18] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:257 - 260]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2027  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

This study discusses a nonconventional therapeutic protocol for type III dens invaginatus. This condition is a disorder of dental development, caused by the invagination of enamel into coronal and/or radicular dentin structure. This promotes several structural alterations within the dental organ, which offers challenges and difficulties to perform the endodontic treatment when needed. This article reports a clinical case where a conservative approach was adopted to preserve the invaginated tooth, and endodontic treatment was performed in the main necrotic canal. Following 21 years of observation, a complete root formation could be seen, with dental pulp preservation of the pulpotomized tooth. Considering the reported difficulties for the treatment of dens invaginatus, conservative measures, such as pulpotomy to preserve the remaining dental pulp may be an excellent alternative to allow less invasive procedures, thus avoiding endodontic surgery. This study discusses a nonconventional therapeutic protocol for type III dens invaginatus. A conservative approach adopted preserved the invaginated tooth, and root canal treatment was performed in the main necrotic canal. Following 21 years of observation, there was complete root formation, with dental pulp preservation of the pulpotomized tooth.

How to cite this article

Kunert GG, Kunert IR, de Figueiredo JAP, Barletta FB, Estrela C. Nonconventional Therapeutic Protocol for Type III Dens Invaginatus. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(3): 257-260.

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