The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

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2017 | July | Volume 18 | Issue 7

EDITORIAL

Oral Health Hazards of Water Pipe Smoking: Current Evidence

[Year:2017] [Month:July] [Volume:18] [Number:7] [Pages:2] [Pages No:539 - 540]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2080  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Raj AT, Patil S, Sarode S, Sarode G. Oral Health Hazards of Water Pipe Smoking: Current Evidence. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(7):539-540.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Mohammed E Sayed, Amit Porwal, Nida A Al-Faraj, Amal M Bajonaid, Hassan A Sumayli

Evaluation of the Current Techniques and Introduction of a Novel Approach for Estimating Maxillary Anterior Teeth Dimensions

[Year:2017] [Month:July] [Volume:18] [Number:7] [Pages:8] [Pages No:541 - 548]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2081  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

Several techniques and methods have been proposed to estimate the anterior teeth dimensions in edentulous patients. However, this procedure remains challenging especially when preextraction records are not available. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate some of the existing extraoral and intraoral methods for estimation of anterior tooth dimensions and to propose a novel method for estimation of central incisor width (CIW) and length (CIL) for Saudi population.

Materials and methods

Extraoral and intraoral measurements were recorded for a total of 236 subjects. Descriptive statistical analysis and Pearson's correlation tests were performed. Association was evaluated between combined anterior teeth width (CATW) and interalar width (IAW), intercommisural width (ICoW) and interhamular notch distance (IHND) plus 10 mm. Evaluation of the linear relationship between central incisor length (CIL) with facial height (FH) and CIW with bizygomatic width (BZW) was also performed.

Results

Significant correlation was found between the CATW and ICoW and IAW (p-values <0.0001); however, no correlation was found relative to IHND plus 10 mm (p-value = 0.456). Further, no correlation was found between the FH and right CIL and BZW and right CIW (p-values = 0.255 and 0.822). The means of CIL, CIW, incisive papillae-fovea palatinae (IP-FP), and IHND were used to estimate the central incisor dimensions: CIL = FP-IP distance/4.45, CIW = IHND/4.49.

Conclusion

It was concluded that the ICoW and IAW measurements are the only predictable methods to estimate the initial reference value for CATW. A proposed intraoral approach was hypothesized for estimation of CIW and CIL for the given population.

Clinical significance

Based on the results of the study, ICoW and IAW measurements can be useful in estimating the initial reference value for CATW, while the proposed novel approach using specific palatal dimensions can be used for estimating the width and length of central incisors. These methods are crucial to obtain esthetic treatment results within the parameters of the given population.

How to cite this article

Sayed ME, Porwal A, Al-Faraj NA, Bajonaid AM, Sumayli HA. Evaluation of the Current Techniques and Introduction of a Novel Approach for Estimating Maxillary Anterior Teeth Dimensions. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(7):541-548.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Lipsa Bhuyan, Balasubramanya Goutham, Sangamesh N Chinnannavar, Madhurima Kundu, Kunal Jha, Shyam S Behura

Prevalence of Dental Anomalies in Odisha Population: A Panoramic Radiographic Study

[Year:2017] [Month:July] [Volume:18] [Number:7] [Pages:5] [Pages No:549 - 553]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2082  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of dental anomalies (DAs) in Odisha population using panoramic radiographs.

Materials and methods

In this study, 1,080 panoramic radiographs were evaluated for DAs. Dental records were reviewed for diagnostic confirmation. Anomalies related to the shape, size, position of teeth, and number of roots (supernumerary roots) were evaluated.

Results

The study results showed the prevalence of DAs to be 35.27%. The most prevalent was dilaceration, which was seen in 46.71% cases followed by peg laterals in 20.99%.

Conclusion

Dental anomalies were present in more than one-third of the study group, which was mostly related to shape of the teeth. Early diagnosis of these DAs helps in avoiding complications.

Clinical significance

Identification of DAs requires proper examination and thereby subsequent correct diagnosis. These anomalies can pose complications in normal functioning of orofacial complex. The knowledge of the prevalence of such anomalies aids dental practitioners for a proper treatment plan.

How to cite this article

Goutham B, Bhuyan L, Chinnannavar SN, Kundu M, Jha K, Behura SS. Prevalence of Dental Anomalies in Odisha Population: A Panoramic Radiographic Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(7):549-553.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Sukumaran Anil, Farouk Ahmed Hussein, Albatool S Alahmari, Sara H Almubarak, Sahar A Alateeq

Study on Personality Types of Dentists in different Disciplines of Dentistry

[Year:2017] [Month:July] [Volume:18] [Number:7] [Pages:5] [Pages No:554 - 558]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2083  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

The purpose of this study was to determine the most common personality type among dentists in seven selected clinical dentistry specialties using the Myers–Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and to compare between these different types of personalities.

Materials and methods

A survey containing the MBTI and demographic and practice questions was used to assess the personality styles of 243 dental specialists in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The survey results were analyzed using descriptive statistics.

Results

The results of the MBTI for 243 specialist dentists revealed, generally, a higher percentage of scoring for introversion (I) with an average of 65% than extroversion (E). The study identified 10 common personality types among these specialists: ISTJ, ISFJ, INFJ, ISTP, INFP, INTP, ENFP, ENTP, ENFJ, and ENTJ (extraversion–introversion (E–I), sensing–intuition (S–N), thinking–feeling (T–F), and judging–perception (J–P)). The dominant personality type in all seven clinical specialties in dentistry was ISTJ, with an average of 54%.

Conclusion

The personality types showed variation among the seven clinical dentistry specialties. However, among these seven clinician's specialties in dentistry, more than 50% of the individuals shared one common type of personality (ISTJ).

Clinical significance

The identification of the personality type might help in their association with coworkers, students, and patients as well as knowing the individual preferences toward different specialties in dentistry.

How to cite this article

Al-Dlaigan YH, Alahmari AS, Almubarak SH, Alateeq SA, Anil S. Study on Personality Types of Dentists in different Disciplines of Dentistry. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(7):554-558.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Francisco Rivera-Hidalgo, Leah S Spittle, Kathleen B Muzzin, Patricia R Campbell, Janice P DeWald

Current prescribing Practices for Antibiotic Prophylaxis: A Survey of Dental Practitioners

[Year:2017] [Month:July] [Volume:18] [Number:7] [Pages:8] [Pages No:559 - 566]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2084  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

Antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines have been developed for health care and dentistry. The authors examined whether dentists were following the 2007 American Heart Association (AHA) and the 2012 American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis.

Materials and methods

A survey was sent to 600 dentists in the south-central region of the United States. The survey examined dentists’ prescribing practices for patients with cardiac and prosthetic joint replacements, antibiotic regimen prescribed, confidence in their prescription decisions, and dentistry's contribution to antibiotic resistance.

Results

The response rate was 28.7% (n = 172). Dentists followed the 2007 AHA guidelines for patients with a history of infective endocarditis (95%), and cardiac valves repaired with prosthetic materials (76%) or animal/donor tissue (61%). For prosthetic joint replacement, 72% prescribed antibiotic prophylaxis within the first 2 years after placement and 58% continued to prescribe after 2 years. Amoxicillin was the most frequently prescribed antibiotic for cardiac conditions (92%) and prosthetic joint replacements (77%). No significant differences were found in relation to dentists’ gender (p = 0.75), year of graduation (p = 0.71), scope of practice (p = 0.30), and their confidence in their prescription decisions; 73% believed taking multiple doses of antibiotics leads to antibiotic resistance.

Conclusion

The majority of dentists were following the 2007 AHA guidelines. Confusion regarding the 2012 AAOS guidelines for prosthetic joint replacement was evident.

Clinical significance

Keeping current with changing antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines ensures dentists are providing the best evidence-based dentistry for their patients.

How to cite this article

Spittle LS, Muzzin KB, Campbell PR, DeWald JP, Rivera-Hidalgo F. Current prescribing Practices for Antibiotic Prophylaxis: A Survey of Dental Practitioners. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(7):559-566.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

RS Dhanya, VJ Adarsh, Md Jalaluddin, UB Rajasekaran, CB Sudeep

Comparative Evaluation of Neem Mouthwash on Plaque and Gingivitis: A Double-blind Crossover Study

[Year:2017] [Month:July] [Volume:18] [Number:7] [Pages:5] [Pages No:567 - 571]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2085  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

The present study aimed at evaluating the impact of neemcontaining mouthwash on plaque and gingivitis.

Materials and methods

This randomized, double-blinded, crossover clinical trial included 40 participants aged 18 to 35 years with washout period of 1 week between the crossover phases. A total of 20 participants, each randomly allocated into groups I and II, wherein in the first phase, group I was provided with 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate and group II with 2% neem mouthwash. After the scores were recorded, 1-week time period was given to the participants to carry over the effects of the mouthwashes and then the second phase of the test was performed. The participants were instructed to use the other mouthwash through the second test phase.

Results

There was a slight reduction of plaque level in the first phase as well as in the second phase. When comparison was made between the groups, no statistically significant difference was seen. Both the groups showed reduction in the gingival index (GI) scores in the first phase, and there was a statistically significant difference in both groups at baseline and after intervention (0.005 and 0.01 respectively). In the second phase, GI scores were reduced in both groups, but there was a statistically significant difference between the groups only at baseline scores (0.01).

Conclusion

In the present study, it has been concluded that neem mouthwash can be used as an alternative to chlorhexidine mouthwash based on the reduced scores in both the groups.

Clinical significance

Using neem mouthwash in maintaining oral hygiene might have a better impact in prevention as well as pervasiveness of oral diseases as it is cost-effective and easily available.

How to cite this article

Jalaluddin M, Rajasekaran UB, Paul S, Dhanya RS, Sudeep CB, Adarsh VJ. Comparative Evaluation of Neem Mouthwash on Plaque and Gingivitis: A Double-blind Crossover Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(7):567-571.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Sumitha A David, KA Adam Ozeer, Umar Mohamed, PC Sunil, Parson Paul

An Innovative Approach to Retention: Thermoplastic Retainer

[Year:2017] [Month:July] [Volume:18] [Number:7] [Pages:4] [Pages No:572 - 575]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2086  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study was to design and introduce a retainer that overcomes the common shortcomings seen in other retainers.

Materials and methods

Hard thermoplastic sheet of 0.5 mm thickness is vacuum or pressure-molded onto the patient cast. Lingual portion of the retainer is trimmed according to the contours of the anterior teeth. Contact points between the maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth are marked on the retainer and reduced. Punch cut holes are placed on the retainer for the exit of flash and air bubbles while fixation. The retainer is bonded onto the lingual surface of the anterior teeth using composite.

Results

A 1-month review of the retainer showed no patient discomfort, occlusal interference, or bond failure. The aim of the article was found to have been achieved.

Conclusion

Initial evaluation has shown positive findings. Long-term clinical findings will determine the overall success of this new retainer.

Clinical significance

As compared with other retainers, thermoplastic retainer has shown reduced tendency to debond from occlusal forces, decreased patient discomfort, and occlusal interference.

How to cite this article

Ozeer KAA, David SA, Mohamed U, Sunil PC, Paul S, Paul P. An Innovative Approach to Retention: Thermoplastic Retainer. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017; 18(7):572-575.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Carmen Llena, Leopoldo Forner, Irene Esteve

Effect of Hydrogen and Carbamide Peroxide in Bleaching, Enamel Morphology, and Mineral Composition: In vitro Study

[Year:2017] [Month:July] [Volume:18] [Number:7] [Pages:7] [Pages No:576 - 582]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2087  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

The aim of the study was to evaluate the bleaching effect, morphological changes, and variations in calcium (Ca) and phosphate (P) in the enamel with hydrogen peroxide (HP) and carbamide peroxide (CP) after the use of different application regimens.

Materials and methods

Four groups of five teeth were randomly assigned, according to the treatment protocol: HP 37.5% applied for 30 or 60 minutes (HP30, HP60), CP 16% applied for 14 or 28 hours (CP14, CP28). Changes in dental color were evaluated, according to the following formula: ΔE = [(La−Lb)2+(aa−ab)2 + (ba−bb)2]½. Enamel morphology and Ca and P compositions were evaluated by confocal laser scanning microscope and environmental scanning electron microscopy.

Results

ΔE HP30 was significantly greater than CP14 (10.37 ± 2.65/8.56 ± 1.40), but not between HP60 and CP28. HP60 shows greater morphological changes than HP30. No morphological changes were observed in the groups treated with CP. The reduction in Ca and P was significantly greater in HP60 than in CP28 (p < 0.05).

Conclusion

Both formulations improved tooth color; HP produced morphological changes and Ca and P a gradual decrease, while CP produced no morphological changes, and the decrease in mineral component was smaller.

Clinical significance

CP 16% applied during 2 weeks could be equally effective and safer for tooth whitening than to administer two treatment sessions with HP 37.5%.

How to cite this article

Llena C, Esteve I, Forner L. Effect of Hydrogen and Carbamide Peroxide in Bleaching, Enamel Morphology, and Mineral Composition: In vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(7):576-582.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

En HR Haghgou, Roza Haghgoo, Mohamad R Roholahi, Zahra Ghorbani

Effect of Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate and Three Calcium Phosphate on Enamel Microhardness

[Year:2017] [Month:July] [Volume:18] [Number:7] [Pages:4] [Pages No:583 - 586]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2088  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

This study aims to investigate the effect of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate and three calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP and TCP) on increasing the microhardness of human enamel after induction of erosion.

Materials and methods

A total of 26 healthy human-impacted third molar teeth were chosen, and their hardness measured using a microhardness testing machine. The samples were immersed in Coca Cola (pH = 4.7) for 8 minutes. Then, microhardness was measured again, and these samples were randomly divided into four groups (two control groups and two experimental groups). (1) Negative control group: Artificial saliva was used for 10 minutes, (2) positive control group: Fluoride gel was used for 10 minutes, (3) β-TCP group: TCP was used for 10 minutes, (4) CCP-ACP group: CCP-ACP was used for 10 minutes. The final microhardness of those samples was measured, and the changes in microhardness of teeth within group and between groups were analyzed using the paired and analysis of variance tests respectively. Results were considered statistically significant at a level of p < 0.05.

Results

No significant difference was observed in microhardness between CPP-ACP group and TCP group (p = 0.368) during the time microhardness significantly dropped after soaking in soda.

Conclusion

Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate and TCP increased the microhardness of teeth. The increase in hardness in the TCP group was higher than in the CPP-ACP group, but this difference was not significant (p = 0.36).

Clinical significance

Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate and TCP can affect the remineralization of erosive lesions.

How to cite this article

Haghgou EHR, Haghgoo R, Roholahi MR, Ghorbani Z. Effect of Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate and Three Calcium Phosphate on Enamel Microhardness. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(7):583-586.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Mohil M Asnani, Md Jalaluddin, Vinod Goyal, Zuber A Naqvi, Bhaskar Gupta, Hitesh M Sonigra

Assessment of the Effect of Orthodontic Treatment on the Periodontal Health of Endodontically Restored Tooth

[Year:2017] [Month:July] [Volume:18] [Number:7] [Pages:4] [Pages No:587 - 590]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2089  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Intorduction

Patients usually undergo orthodontic treatment for achieving ideal interocclusal relationship between the dental tissue and bony tissue along with improving the speech, mastication, and facial esthetic appearance. Literature quotes paucity in the studies evaluating the effect of orthodontic treatment on the periodontal health of endodontically treated teeth. Hence, we planned the present study to assess the effect of orthodontic treatment on the periodontal health of endodontically restored tooth.

Materials and methods

The present study included assessment of 80 patients who underwent orthodontic treatment. All the patients were divided broadly into two study groups: groups I and II. Group I included patients with the absence of endodontically treated teeth, while group II included patients which maxillary central incisors were resorted endodontically. Examination of the periodontal health of the patients was done using the community periodontal index of treatment need (CPITN) around the selected teeth. All the values were recorded during the preorthodontic time, postorthodontic time, and after the first 6 months of starting of the orthodontic treatment. All the results were recorded separately and analyzed.

Results

In the groups I and II, 28 and 25 patients respectively, had score of 1, while 10 patients in group I and 12 patients in group II had score of 2. Nonsignificant results were obtained while comparing the CPITN score in between the two study groups when measured at the pre-, intra-, and postortho time.

Conclusion

In patients undergoing orthodontic treatment, having endodontically resorted teeth, no difference exists in relation to the periodontal health.

Clinical significance

Orthodontic treatment can be safely carried in patients with endodontically restored teeth.

How to cite this article

Jalaluddin M, Goyal V, Naqvi ZA, Gupta B, Asnani MM, Sonigra HM. Assessment of the Effect of Orthodontic Treatment on the Periodontal Health of Endodontically Restored Tooth. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(7):587-590.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Kishore Kumar Majety, Basanta Kumar Choudhury, Anika Bansal, Achla Sethi, Jaina Panjabi

Retrospective Assessment of Healing Outcome of Endodontic Treatment for Mandibular Molars with C-shaped Root Canal

[Year:2017] [Month:July] [Volume:18] [Number:7] [Pages:5] [Pages No:591 - 595]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2090  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

A thorough knowledge of the anatomic morphology of the root canal system is necessary for the long-term success of the root canal therapy. The occurrence of C-shaped root canal configuration is one such variation. Achievement of favorable prognosis after commencing root canal therapy in such teeth is one of the challenges imposed on the endodontist. Hence, we evaluated the healing occurring after endodontic therapy in patients with C-shaped root canals in mandibular molars.

Materials and methods

The present study was conducted in the Department of Conservative Dentistry of the institution and included assessment of all the patients who underwent root canal treatment of the mandibular first and second molars. Endodontic therapy was performed in all the cases by experienced endodontist. Final postoperative radiographs were taken. Recording of the data of the personal and clinical details of a total of 250 patients was done. All the clinical and radiographic details of the patients, such as tooth location in the jaw, presence or absence of C-shaped canals, status of the pulp tissue, presence or absence of the fractures, and other details of the patients were recorded. Radiographic and clinical examination of the tooth of the patients was done during the baseline visit and further during the follow-up visits. The presence of C-shaped root canals was confirmed using the radiographs. Periapical index (PI) scoring system was used. Categories defined for enlisting the healing after the root canal treatment with the assessment of the PI score. All the results were analyzed by Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software.

Results

Vital pulp tissue was encountered in majority of the cases. C-shaped root canal configuration was observed in 40% of the cases included in the present study. After completion of the endodontic therapy, complete crown placement was done in only 22% of the cases. In cases of vital teeth with C-shaped root canals configuration, most of the teeth showed complete healing. Significant results were obtained while comparing the complete coverage crown parameter in relation to the healing process in teeth with C-shaped root canals.

Conclusion

In the present study, no significant effect of the C-shaped root canal configuration was found on the healing rate of the endodontic therapy in mandibular molars.

Clinical significance

Meticulous endodontic therapy with special techniques should be done while preparing teeth with C-shaped root canals.

How to cite this article

Bansal A, Parihar AS, Sethi A, Majety KK, Panjabi J, Choudhary BK. Retrospective Assessment of Healing Outcome of Endodontic Treatment for Mandibular Molars with C-shaped Root Canal. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(7):591-595.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Shrudha Potdar, CB Sudeep, Sneha Khanapure, HG Suhas, MR Arjun

Association between Cheiloscopic Patterns and ABO Blood Groups among South Indian Population

[Year:2017] [Month:July] [Volume:18] [Number:7] [Pages:5] [Pages No:596 - 600]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2091  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background

Human beings have few characteristics that are unique from others. Lip prints are one of such feature. They are not changed throughout the life and are not influenced by injuries, diseases, or environmental changes. According to the various antigen–antibody reactions in the bloodstream, different individuals have specific blood groups.

Aim

To study the distribution of lip print patterns among individuals with different ABO and Rh blood groups and also to know the relation between their characters and blood groups.

Materials and methods

In the present study, lip prints were collected randomly from 85 individuals, and their blood group matching was performed. This is to identify the most common lip print type and to know any association between lip print types and blood groups. Tsuchihashi's classification of lip prints was used to compare with the ABO and Rh blood grouping systems.

Results

It was observed that in individuals with B+, A+, and O− blood groups, predominant pattern was Type IV and individuals having blood group O+ and AB+ common lip print pattern was Type II.

Conclusion

This study showed strong association between lip print patterns and ABO blood groups as some blood groups were not included in statistical analysis; further studies including larger sample are essential to substantiate the results.

Clinical significance

Correlating lip print with blood group helps in identification of the suspects. Along with lip prints, another biological record that remains unchanged throughout the lifetime of a person is the blood group. Determining the blood group of a person from the samples obtained at the site of crime and also recovering lip prints from site can help identify a person.

How to cite this article

Khanapure S, Suhas HG, Potdar S, Sam G, Sudeep CB, Arjun MR. Association between Cheiloscopic Patterns and ABO Blood Groups among South Indian Population. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(7):596-600.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

B Smriti Jagdhari, Motwani Mukta, A Golhar Saket, Anil V Golhar

Therapeutic Evaluation of Cervical Dysfunction in Patients with Myofascial Pain Dysfunction Syndrome: A Prospective Study

[Year:2017] [Month:July] [Volume:18] [Number:7] [Pages:6] [Pages No:601 - 606]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2092  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study was to find out the therapeutic correlation between cervical dysfunction and myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome (MPDS).

Materials and methods

The study included 46 patients out of which 23 had MPDS with cervical pain (group I), and 23 patients had only MPDS (group II). Detailed history and examination of the patients were carried out, and the factors taken into consideration were pain and tenderness of muscles of mastication and neck muscles, maximum comfortable mouth opening, and cervical range of motion. All the patients were randomly divided and advised physical exercises, light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation (LASER) therapy, and the combination of both exercise and LASER. Patients were assessed for the relief of signs and symptoms of myofascial pain and cervical pain posttreatment, every month for 2 months.

Results

Both the groups showed a similar response to all the different treatment modalities. In group I, the patients also had relief in their cervical pain although the treatment was directed for MPDS. Patients from both the groups who were advised LASER and combination of both exercise and LASER showed better response in terms of reduction in visual analog scale, number of tender muscles, and increased maximum comfortable mouth opening posttreatment and during the follow-up, as compared with the patients who were advised only exercise.

Conclusion

Patients having cervical pain showed significant improvement comparable with patients having no cervical pain. Hence, the conclusion drawn was that there is a positive interrelationship between MPDS and cervical (neck) pain; MPDS may act as a catalyst for precipitating cervical pain.

Clinical significance

Cervical pain showed significant improvement to physiotherapy in the form of exercise, LASER, and combination treatment, though the effective modality was LASER and combination of exercise and LASER therapy.

How to cite this article

Jagdhari BS, Mukta M, Saket AG, Golhar AV. Therapeutic Evaluation of Cervical Dysfunction in Patients with Myofascial Pain Dysfunction Syndrome: A Prospective Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(7):601-606.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Smita Singh, Vinod Goyal, Zuber A Naqvi, Priyanka Razdan, VS Sakthivel, Swati Tripathi

Alteration in Taste Perception among Young Children during the use of Removable Orthodontic Appliance Therapy

[Year:2017] [Month:July] [Volume:18] [Number:7] [Pages:7] [Pages No:607 - 613]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2093  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background

The sense of smell is very influential in the taste of foods. If the smell pleases us, we anticipate the taste of the food with a great deal of relish. If our sense of smell is impaired, so is our taste. The effect of appliance on taste perceptions has always had a controversial subject.

Materials and methods

The present study was designed to analyze the change in taste perception in children using removable orthodontic appliances. All the selected volunteers were given different taste stimuli and were asked to score as per their perception. The verbal score was calculated based on the correct and incorrect taste stimuli given to them. Visual analog scale was used to assess intensity and hedonic (palatability) estimation of the volunteers.

Results

The volunteers from both study and control groups scored different values for taste stimuli. The majority of stimuli were estimated correctly by both groups. There was no statistically significant difference between the study and control groups.

Conclusion

In different testing sessions, the scoring of the volunteers was nearly constant, indicating that an appliance does not play a major role in the alteration of taste stimuli.

Clinical significance

The appliance brings about transient change in taste perception, we should educate the patient before delivering the appliance about the transient change in taste perception and encourage full-time wear of the appliance, including during meals, without fear of affecting taste sensations.

How to cite this article

Razdan P, Sakthivel VS, Naqvi ZA, Goyal V, Tripathi S, Singh S. Alteration in Taste Perception among Young Children during the use of Removable Orthodontic Appliance Therapy. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(7):607-613.

CASE REPORT

Danilo Alessio Di Stefano, Umberto Garagiola, Mirko A Bassi

Preserving the Bone Profile in Anterior Maxilla using an Equine Cortical Bone Membrane and an Equine Enzyme-treated Bone Graft: A Case Report with 5-year Follow-up

[Year:2017] [Month:July] [Volume:18] [Number:7] [Pages:8] [Pages No:614 - 621]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2094  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

This study aimed to report a well-succeeded use of equine enzyme-deantigenic cortical membrane and bone granules for guided bone regeneration (GBR) in the esthetic zone concomitant with implant placement.

Background

In the anterior maxilla, where patients typically have the highest expectations for implant-supported restorations, bone resorption in the wake of tooth loss often leads to a lack of soft tissue support and ultimately to unsatisfactory esthetic results. Buccal bone augmentation at the time of implant placement has thus become common. This is usually accomplished following GBR principles and employing membranes made from various materials to serve as a barrier between the soft tissue and graft material. One of the more recently introduced membrane materials is made from thin, flexible equine cortical bone, i.e., rendered nonantigenic in an enzymatic process that preserves native bone collagen.

Case report

This report describes the treatment of a patient who received an equine enzyme-deantigenic graft and membrane in conjunction with placement of an implant in the right maxillary lateral incisor site.

Conclusion

After 5 years of follow-up, the patient was very satisfied with her appearance. A cone-beam computed tomography scan showed that the peri-implant bone levels and ridge thickness had been maintained, and the cortical layer in the pristine ridge had also undergone remodeling.

Clinical significance

Guided bone regeneration with the concomitant use of enzyme-deantigenic membrane and graft is a valuable and suitable option for effective implant-supported prosthetic rehabilitation in the esthetic zone.

How to cite this article

Di Stefano DA, Garagiola U, Bassi MA. Preserving the Bone Profile in Anterior Maxilla using an Equine Cortical Bone Membrane and an Equine Enzyme-treated Bone Graft: A Case Report with 5-year Follow-up. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(7):614-621.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Shilpa H Bhandi, Mohamed Moustafa Awad, H Alqahtani, A Al-Mudahi, MS Murayshed, A Alrahlah

Adhesive Bonding to Computer-aided Design/Computer-aided Manufacturing Esthetic Dental Materials: An Overview

[Year:2017] [Month:July] [Volume:18] [Number:7] [Pages:5] [Pages No:622 - 626]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2095  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

To review the adhesive bonding to different computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) esthetic restorative materials.

Background

The use of CAD/CAM esthetic restorative materials has gained popularity in recent years. Several CAD/ CAM esthetic restorative materials are commercially available. Adhesive bonding is a major determinant of success of CAD/ CAM restorations.

Review result

An account of the currently available bonding strategies are discussed with their rationale in various CAD/ CAM materials.

Conclusion

Different surface treatment methods as well as adhesion promoters can be used to achieve reliable bonding of CAD/CAM restorative materials. Selection of bonding strategy to such material is determined based on its composition. Further evidence is required to evaluate the effect of new surface treatment methods, such as nonthermal atmospheric plasma and self-etching ceramic primer on bonding to different dental ceramics.

Clinical significance

An understanding of the currently available bonding strategies to CA/CAM materials can help the clinician to select the most indicated system for each category of materials.

How to cite this article

Awad MM, Alqahtani H, Al-Mudahi A, Murayshed MS, Alrahlah A, Bhandi SH. Adhesive Bonding to Computer-aided Design/Computer-aided Manufacturing Esthetic Dental Materials: An Overview. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(7):622-626.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Thamer Almohareb

Sealing Ability of Esthetic Post and Core Systems

[Year:2017] [Month:July] [Volume:18] [Number:7] [Pages:6] [Pages No:627 - 632]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2096  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

To review the literature on the sealing ability of esthetic post systems with different cementation techniques.

Background

An important factor for successful root canal treatment is the development of a coronal seal to the treated root canal system.

Review result

The current literature describes promising results using fiber posts with a dual-cure, self-etch resin cement system. However, none of the published results describe a post system or cementation technique that achieved a homogeneous and tight coronal seal.

Conclusion

Fiber post systems appear to be favorable alternatives to metallic or ceramic post systems. Furthermore, dual-cure, self-etch resin cement systems represent superior alternatives to other cement systems.

Clinical significance

The clinician should be aware of the differences between various post systems and different cement systems to select and apply the most appropriate post and cement in each clinical situation.

How to cite this article

Almohareb T. Sealing Ability of Esthetic Post and Core Systems. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(7):627-632.

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