[Year:2022] [Month:March] [Volume:23] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:351 - 354]
Aim/objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the displacement of the denture base of conventional acrylic dentures and Click Fit partials in Kennedy's class I and II situations in the mandibular arch.
Materials and methods: Four removable partial dentures—two conventional clasp dentures and two attachment dentures (Click Fit)—were designed. The two conventional clasp dentures were retained by C (conventional) clasps, and the two attachment dentures were retained by rigid precision attachments. The displacement of denture bases and the movements of denture bases were investigated, and the influences of denture design were studied.
Result: The values obtained were statistically analyzed by using independent t-tests. For all statistical purposes, a p-value of ≤0.001 was considered significant. The results showed that mean vertical displacements (mm) of the conventional acrylic removable partial denture base for Kennedy's class I mandibular arch under 50, 75, and 100 N forces were 0.0317, 0.04377, and 0.06392, respectively, and those for Kennedy's class II mandibular arch under 50, 75, and 100 N forces were 0.04922, 0.09849, and 0.1522, respectively. Vertical displacements (mm) of the Click Fit removable partial denture base for Kennedy's class I mandibular arch under 50, 75, and 100 N forces were 0.02185, 0.03436, and 0.005365, respectively, and those for Kennedy's class II mandibular arch under 50N, 75N, and 100N forces were 0.0445, 0.07851, and 0.14457, respectively. The difference between the groups was statistically significant (p ≤0.001).
Conclusion: The vertical displacement of the denture base retained by conventional C clasps was more than that of the denture base retained by rigid precision attachment. The displacement of the denture base tended to be less when the denture was designed with a rigid connection for the retainer and with cross-arch stabilization as in Kennedy's class I case.
Clinical implications: This research evaluated the vertical denture base displacement using different designs and retention types. Hence, it helped predict the prognosis of different removable partial denture base designs in various clinical conditions.