The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

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2006 | May | Volume 7 | Issue 2

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Thomas Schiff, Tao He, Lisa Sagel, Robert Baker

Efficacy and Safety of a Novel Stabilized Stannous Fluoride and Sodium Hexametaphosphate Dentifrice for Dental Hypersensitivity

[Year:2006] [Month:May] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:8] [Pages No:1 - 8]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-1  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Purpose

Dentinal hypersensitivity is a common complaint among dental patients. Recently, a novel 0.454% stabilized stannous fluoride dentifrice containing sodium hexametaphosphate (SHMP) was introduced that offers a desensitizing benefit. This trial was conducted to assess the desensitizing efficacy of this new dentifrice relative to a sodium fluoride control dentifrice.

Methods and Materials

This was a double-blind, parallel-group, randomized clinical trial conducted according to the American Dental Association (ADA) Guidelines for the Acceptance of Products for the Treatment of Dentinal Hypersensitivity. Ninety subjects who met the entrance criteria were stratified based on age, gender, and baseline sensitivity scores and randomly assigned to either the stabilized stannous fluoride + SHMP dentifrice (Crest® Pro-Health) or the sodium fluoride control dentifrice. Subjects were instructed to brush twice daily for eight weeks. Efficacy assessments were made, including tactile (Yeaple probe) and thermal (Schiff Air Index) sensitivity, and an oral soft tissue examination was conducted at baseline, week four, and week eight.

Results

The mean sensitivity score based on the Schiff Air Index for the stannous fluoride + SHMP group was statistically significantly lower than that of the control group, at both weeks four and eight (P < .0001). At week eight, the stannous fluoride + SHMP dentifrice group had an adjusted mean 44% lower than that of the control group. The mean tactile sensitivity score for the stannous fluoride + SHMP group was statistically significantly higher, indicating a reduction in sensitivity, than that of the control group, at both weeks four and eight (P < .0001). At week eight, the stannous fluoride + SHMP dentifrice group had a mean desensitizing improvement of 71% greater than the control.

Conclusion

The stabilized stannous fluoride + SHMP dentifrice provided statistically significant reductions in dentinal hypersensitivity at four and eight weeks compared to the sodium fluoride control dentifrice.

Citation

Schiff T, He T, Sagel L, Baker R. Efficacy and Safety of a Novel Stabilized Stannous Fluoride and Sodium Hexametaphosphate Dentifrice for Dentinal Hypersensitivity. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 May;(7)2:001-008.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Maha Abdulla Al-Sarheed

Evaluation of Shear Bond Strength and SEM Observation of All-in-one Self-etching Primer Used for Bonding of Fissure Sealants

[Year:2006] [Month:May] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:8] [Pages No:9 - 16]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-9  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objectives

To evaluate and compare enamel shear bond strength of an all-in-one self-etching primer (Prompt™ L-Pop™) to regular acid etch material when bonded to two-fissure sealant systems (Concise and Dyract Seal).

Method and Materials

Forty newly extracted non-carious first permanent molars were embedded in a Teflon mold. The teeth were divided into four groups and each consisted of ten specimens. The bonding surfaces were treated with either Prompt L-Pop as recommended by the manufacturer or etched with phosphoric acid. After 24 hours of water storage, the specimens were evaluated for shear bond strength using an Instron testing machine. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) examinations were carried out to evaluate the failure sites of the sealants.

Results

The mean shear bond strengths using Prompt L-Pop were Concise: 23.46 MPa and Dyract Seal: 20.34 MPa. These values were higher than and statistically different from those of Dyract Seal (9.99 MPa) and Concise (8.85 MPa) when phosphoric acid was used. The failure was predominantly of the adhesive type. The SEM examination showed the failure of debonding was predominantly related to the type of etching systems used rather than the type of fissure sealants.

Conclusion

The use of the all-in-one self-etching adhesive Prompt L-Pop improves the mean enamel shear bond strength of fissure sealants.

Citation

Al-Sarheed MA. Evaluation of Shear Bond Strength and SEM Observation of All-in-one Self-etching Primer Used for Bonding of Fissure Sealants. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 May;(7)2:009-016.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Esra Can Say, Baybora Kayahan, Emre Ozel, Kagan Gokce, Mubin Soyman, Gunduz Bayirli

Clinical Evaluation of Posterior Composite Restorations in Endodontically Treated Teeth

[Year:2006] [Month:May] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:9] [Pages No:17 - 25]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-17  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objective

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the two year clinical performance of posterior composite restorations in endodontically treated premolars and molars using a hybrid composite (Filtek Z-250, 3M ESPE) and a total etch bonding system (Single Bond, 3M ESPE).

Method and Materials

Thirty-nine class II restorations in endodontically treated premolars (n=11) and molars (n=28) of 27 patients (14 female, 13 male, mean age 36.51) in 16 maxillar and 23 mandibular teeth were placed by one operator. Restorations were evaluated by two experienced investigators at baseline, 12 months, and 24 months according to the modified United States Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria that included retention, color match, marginal discoloration, secondary caries, anatomic form, marginal adaptation, and surface texture. All restorations were able to be evaluated at baseline, 12 months, and 24 months.

Results

Paired samples t-test showed only marginal discoloration showed a statistically significant difference (p<0.05) at the end of 24 months, and no other significant differences were observed for the other variables examined over the duration of the study. None of the restored teeth showed periapical pathology at the end of 24 months.

Conclusion

At two years, limited deterioration in marginal discoloration was detected. The clinical performance of posterior composite restorations in endodontically treated teeth using Filtek Z250 was found clinically acceptable after two years.

Citation

Can Say E, Kayahan B, Ozel E, Gokce K, Soyman M, Bayirli G. Clinical Evaluation of Posterior Composite Restorations in Endodontically Treated Teeth. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 May;(7)2:017-025.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

C. Yeşilyurt, B. Bulucu

Bond Strength of Total-Etch Dentin Adhesive Systems on Peripheral and Central Dentinal Tissue: A Microtensile Bond Strength Test

[Year:2006] [Month:May] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:11] [Pages No:26 - 36]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-26  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objective

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the microtensile bond strength (μ TBS) of four total-etch adhesives [Excite (EB), Prime & Bond NT (PBNT), Single Bond (SB), and One Coat Bond (OCB)] by comparing them to five self-etching adhesives (Clearfil SE Bond (CSEB), Xeno III (X III), Prompt L-Pop (PLP), AQ Bond (AQB), and Tyrian/One Step plus (TOSP)] at different dentinal areas. In addition the interface between the adhesive resins and dentin was examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Methods and Materials

Superficial occlusal dentin of extracted human molars was exposed and finished with wet 800-grit silicon carbide paper. A block of composite resin was then bonded to the molar samples with the above adhesives according to the manufacturers’ instructions. After 24 hours in water at 37°C, the specimens were sectioned into 1 mm thick slices and divided into two regional subgroups according to their relationship to pulp tissue using visual criteria: pulp center and pulp periphery. The slices were then trimmed for the microtensile bond test and subjected to a tensile force and crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. Two-way analysis of variance was performed for statistical analyses. In addition the bond strengths for nine adhesive systems for each dentinal area were compared using the Post-Hoc test. The resin-dentin interfaces for each adhesive system were observed under a SEM.

Results

Mean μ TBS ranged from (25.2 MPa) for TOSP to (48.9 MPa) for PBNT. The bond strengths of total-etch adhesive systems were not significantly different, and were higher than self-etch adhesive systems, except for CSEB (p<0.05). No significant regional difference was observed for all of the nine adhesive systems (p>0.05). SEM observation showed there is not a standard hybridization for adhesive systems.

Conclusion

Different dentinal areas may not exhibit as great an influence on bond strengths using new adhesive systems.

Citation

Yeşilyurt C, Bulucu B. Bond Strength of Total-Etch and Self-Etch Dentin Adhesive Systems on Peripheral and Central Dentinal Tissue: A Microtensile Bond Strength Test. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 May;(7)2:026-036.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Geza T. Terezhalmy, Michaell A. Huber, Ronald H. Holton

Cost Analysis of Hand Hygiene Using Antimicrobial Soap and Water Versus an Alcohol-Based Hand Rub

[Year:2006] [Month:May] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:9] [Pages No:37 - 45]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-37  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Citation

Huber MA, Holton RH, Terezhalmy GT. Cost Analysis of Hand Hygiene Using Antimicrobial Soap and Water Versus an Alcohol-Based Hand Rub. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 May;(7)2:037-045.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Manal Ibrahim Al-Malik, Yasser Abdulla Rehbini

Prevalence of Dental Caries, Severity, and Pattern in Age 6 to 7-Year-old Children in a Selected Community in Saudi Arabia

[Year:2006] [Month:May] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:9] [Pages No:46 - 54]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-46  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aims

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, severity, and pattern of dental caries in 6 to 7- year-old children in military primary schools in Jeddah city, Saudi Arabia.

Methods and Materials

A random sample of 300 children (6 to 7-year-olds) was drawn from six schools of military dependents. Clinical examinations were carried out under standardized conditions by two trained and calibrated examiners (MAM) and (YR). Caries were diagnosed using the British Association for the Study of Community Dentistry (BASCD) criteria.

Results

Caries were diagnosed in 288 (96%) of the children, and only 4% were clinically caries free. Mean decayed, missing, and filled teeth (dmft) for the 300 children was 8.06 (+ 4.04) per child and mean decayed, missing, and filled surfaces (dmfs) was 23.18 (+ 15.64). The teeth most affected by caries were mandibular primary second molars (83.35%), and the least affected were mandibular primary central incisors (1.15%).

Conclusions

The level of caries was higher than seen in children of equivalent age in other studies. The level of caries is expected to increase in permanent dentition. The above findings stress the need for an effective program of oral prevention in these children, such as a school dental health education program for children and their parents in order to improve their oral health status.

Citation

Al-Malik MI, Rehbini YA. Prevalence of Dental Caries, Severity, and Pattern in Age 6 to 7-Year-old Children in a Selected Community in Saudi Arabia. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 May;(7)2:046-054.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Cynthia T. Hughes, Ana L. Thompson, Marie A. Collins

Blood Pressure Assessment Practices of Dental Hygienists

[Year:2006] [Month:May] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:8] [Pages No:55 - 62]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-55  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Citation

Hughes CT, Thompson AL, Collins MA. Blood Pressure Assessment Practices of Dental Hygienists. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 May;(7)2:055-062.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

M.E. Rahmani, Mohammad A. Rigi Lades

Comparative Clinical Evaluation of Acellular Dermal Matrix Allograft and Connective Tissue Graft for the Treatment of Gingival Recession

[Year:2006] [Month:May] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:8] [Pages No:63 - 70]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-63  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aims

“Gingival recession is a condition reported to occur due to abnormal periodontal anatomy, poor hygiene, excessive occlusal forces, toothbrush abrasion, and even iatrogenic or factitious causes. Though various surgical techniques are available to treat this problem, the most common is the palatal soft tissue autograft. Recently, an acellular dermal matrix allograft (ADMA) has been available as a substitute for the palatal tissue harvest. The aim of this study is to compare the ADMA with the conventional subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG) in the treatment of gingival recession.”

Methods and Materials

Fourteen patients with 20 gingival recessions of Miller's grade I and II were selected and randomized in two groups of control (SCTG) and test (ADMA). In each group ten recession defects were treated. The following parameters were measured at baseline and then at six months post surgery: recession height (RH), recession width (RW), probing depth (PD), attached gingiva (AG), keratinized gingiva (KG), and clinical attachment level (CAL). All parameters were analyzed using the two-sample t-test. Data analysis was performed using SPSS (version 11) software.

Results

The following mean changes (mm) occurred in SCTG and ADMA, respectively: 2.60±0.97 and 2.90±0.81 decrease in RH; 1.70±1.01 and 1.65±0.67 decrease in RW; 2.50±0.97 and 2.95±0.69 increase in KG; 2.25±0.92 and 2.65±0.85 increase in AG; 2.60±1.08 and 2.75±0.92 decrease in CAL; and finally 0.05±0.50 and 0.10±0.46 decrease in PD for the SCTG and ADMA groups, respectively. The percentage of root coverage for the two groups was 70.12%±22.81% and 72.08%±14.12%, respectively. The changes from baseline to the six-month visit were significant for both groups in terms of all parameters but PD. However, the differences in mean changes were not significant between the two groups in any of the parameters.

Conclusion

These findings imply the ADMA and SCTG techniques could produce the same results when used for the successful treatment of gingival recessions. In addition the ADMA could be used as an adequate alternative treatment modality for conventional techniques.

Citation

Rahmani ME, Lades MAR. Comparative Clinical Evaluation of Acellular Dermal Matrix Allograft and Connective Tissue Graft for the Treatment of Gingival Recession. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 May;(7)2:063-070.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Abdalla M. Hazza's, Zakarreya S.M. Albashaireh, Anwar B. Bataineh

The Relationship of the Inferior Dental Canal to the Roots of Impacted Mandibular Third Molars in Jordanian Population

[Year:2006] [Month:May] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:8] [Pages No:71 - 78]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-71  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objective

The aim of this study was to evaluate the topographic relationship between the inferior dental canals (IDCs) and the roots of impacted mandibular third molars.

Methods

Preoperative orthopantomograms (OPGs) were examined and the proximity of the IDC to the roots of impacted mandibular third molars was categorized into the following: groups: superimposition, adjacent, perforation, grooving, notching, or none. The categories notching, grooving, and perforation were regrouped together and called the true relationship between the IDC and the root apices. The type of impaction, age, and sex of the patient were also noted.

Results

The positional category of 96.1% of the radiographs with bilateral impactions was identical on both sides of the mandible. Out of 2526 impacted mandibular third molars examined, 1146 (45.3%) belonged to the superimposition category, 663 (26.2%) were adjacent, 312 (12.3%) showed grooving, 78 (3.08%) showed notching, and 9 (0.35%) were actually perforating the IDC. The results showed 15.7% of the total cases were in true relationship with the IDC. There was a significant association (p = 0.000) between patient's age and true relationship.

Conclusions

Identical positional relationship of the bilateral impacted third molars to the IDC was noted in 96.1% of the radiographs. The position of the IDC in relation to the roots of impacted third molars varied according to the patient's age.

Citation

Hazza'a AM, Albashaireh ZSM, Bataineh AB. The Relationship of the Inferior Dental Canal to the Roots of Impacted Mandibular Third Molars in a Jordanian Population. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 May;(7)2:071-078.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Ismail Şener, Murat Metin, Mustafa Tek

Comparison of Two Chlorhexidine Rinse Protocols on the Incidence of Alveolar Osteitis following the Surgical Removal of Impacted Third Molars

[Year:2006] [Month:May] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:8] [Pages No:79 - 86]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-79  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Principles

Alveolar osteitis (dry socket) is the most common complication following the extraction of permanent teeth. This study was undertaken to compare the effect of two chlorhexidine rinse protocols on the incidence of alveolar osteitis in patients undergoing surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molar teeth.

Methods

A prospective randomized clinical trial was conducted among 99 subjects. Patients were randomly assigned into two groups. Subjects were instructed to rinse twice daily with 15 ml of chlorhexidine rinse 30 seconds for one week before and one week after surgery (group I) or one week after surgery (group II). Postoperatively, all patients were instructed to return in one week or sooner if bothersome pain increased or persisted. Data were collected regarding abnormal healing, presence of necrotic tissue, exposed bone, and absence of clot.

Results

The results indicated group I and group II were not statistically significant different in the reduction of alveolar osteitis.

Conclusions

To reduce alveolar osteitis after impacted third molar surgery, it was observed use of postoperative chlorhexidine rinse was adequate. The postoperative use of chlorhexidine is more feasible than both preoperative and postoperative use.

Citation

Metin M, Tek M, Şener I. Comparison of Two Chlorhexidine Rinse Protocols on the Incidence of Alveolar Osteitis following the Surgical Removal of Impacted Third Molars. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 May;(7)2:079-086.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Chukwudi Ochi Onyeaso, Ellen A. BeGole

Orthodontic Treatment Need in an Accredited Graduate Orthodontic Center in North America: A Pilot Study

[Year:2006] [Month:May] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:8] [Pages No:87 - 94]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-87  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

To assess the objective orthodontic treatment needs of patients treated in an accredited Orthodontic Clinic in North America using a retrospective cross sectional study and the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI).

Methods and Materials

One hundred pre- and post-treatment study models were randomly selected from the model storage facility of the clinic. Only the pre-treatment study models were assessed using the DAI. The pre - treatment and post- treatment ages for each case were noted as recorded on the corresponding study models. The range for the pre-treatment age was 10 to 52 years, and from 12 years, 4 months to 54 years for the post-treatment age range. The duration of treatment for each case was calculated by subtracting the pre-treatment age from the post-treatment age (range of treatment duration, 9 to 125 months). Descriptive statistics as well as chi-square statistics were employed to analyze the data.

Results

Fifteen cases had normal or minor malocclusions with no treatment or slight need for treatment. Definite malocclusions with treatment highly desirable accounted for 22 cases and severe malocclusion with treatment highly desirable was found in 16 cases. Forty-seven cases had handicapping malocclusion with treatment considered mandatory. While a statistically significant association (p<0.05) was found between duration of treatment and severity levels of malocclusion (DAI scores), the association between pre-treatment age and DAI scores was not significant (p > 0.05).

Conclusions

Eighty-five percent of the study sample needed orthodontic treatment with different malocclusion severity levels, while 47% of the cases qualified for publicly subsidized treatment due to handicapping malocclusions. The association between duration of treatment and DAI score groups (malocclusion severity levels) was found statistically significant.

It could be helpful for more clinic-based (demand populations) studies on treatment needs be undertaken across the globe using the DAI, at least for the purposes of comparison.

Citation

Onyeaso CO, BeGole EA. Orthodontic Treatment Need in an Accredited Graduate Orthodontic Center in North America: A Pilot Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 May;(7)2:087-094.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Yucel Yilmax, M. Elcin Kocoguliari, Nihal Beiduz

Fixed Space Maintainers Combined with Open-Face Stainless Steel Crowns

[Year:2006] [Month:May] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:9] [Pages No:95 - 103]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-95  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objective

This study investigates the clinical performance of fixed space maintainers placed on seriously damaged abutment teeth.

Methods

Crowns were placed on damaged abutment primary teeth. Fixed space maintainers were prepared by using rectangular wire between the window in the facial surface of the crowns and other abutment teeth and were subsequently bonded with a flowable resin composite. This procedure was introduced clinically, and the cases were observed over a period of twelve months.

Results

Twenty-seven fixed space maintainers (25 on lower jaw, two on upper jaw) were included in this study. No clinical failure was recorded in any of the cases in the observation time, and the rate of clinical performance was 100%.

Conclusion

The study shows the effectiveness of fixed space maintainers combined with stainless steel crowns (“open-face fixed space maintainers”) which were placed on primary molar teeth used as abutments in cases with extensive caries and loss of occlusogingival dimension.

Citation

Yilmaz Y, Kocogullari ME, Belduz N. Fixed Space Maintainers Combined with open-face Stainless Steel Crowns. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 May;(7)2:095-103.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Farzaneh Agha-Hosseini, Iraj Mirzail Dizgah, Sara Amirkhani

The Composition of Unstimulated Whole Saliva of Healthy Dental Students

[Year:2006] [Month:May] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:8] [Pages No:104 - 111]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-104  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Citation

Agha-hosseini F, Mirzaii Dizgah I, Amirkhani S. The Composition of Unstimulated Whole Saliva of Healthy Dental Students. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 May;(7)2:104-111.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Firas A. M. Al Quran, Ziad N. Al-Dwairi

Torus Palatinus and Torus Mandibularis in Edentulous Patients

[Year:2006] [Month:May] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:8] [Pages No:112 - 119]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-112  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

To determine the prevalence of tori in Jordanian edentulous patients, the sex variation in their distribution, and their clinical characteristics.

Methods

Three hundred and thirty eight patients were examined in the Prosthodontic Clinic in the Department of Restorative Dentistry at Jordan University of Science and Technology. The location, extent, and clinical presentation of tori were recorded related to the age and sex of patients.

Results

The overall prevalence of tori was 13.9%. The prevalence of torus palatinus was 29.8% (14/47), while that of torus mandibularis was significantly higher 42.6%(20/47). Both types of tori were associated with each other in 27.7% of cases (13/47).

Conclusions

There was no significant difference in the prevalence of tori between males and females. There seems to be a strong association between mandibular and palatal tori.

Citation

Al Quran FAM, Al-Dwairi ZN. Torus Palatinus and Torus Mandibularis in Edentulous Patients. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 May;(7)2:112-119.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Rajeev Kr. Garg

Smoking Habits of Adolescents and the Role of Dentists

[Year:2006] [Month:May] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:10] [Pages No:120 - 129]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-120  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Citation

Garg RK, Tandon S. Smoking Habits of Adolescents and the Role of Dentists. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 May;(7)2:120-129.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

R.A. Machado, R. Lanes Silveira, H.O.I Borges, A.M. Bourguignon Filho, M. Gerhardt de Oliveira

Retrobulbar Hemorrhage: A Case Report

[Year:2006] [Month:May] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:7] [Pages No:130 - 136]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-130  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Citation

Machado RA, Silveira RL, Borges HOI, Filho AMB, de Oliveira G. Retrobulbar Hemorrhage: A Case Report. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 May;(7)2:130-136.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Wilson Denis Martins, Daniela Martins Fávaro, Marina de Oliveira Ribas, Guilherme Martins

Dentoalveolar and Mandibular Body Fractures Caused by a Horse Kick: Report of a Case

[Year:2006] [Month:May] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:8] [Pages No:137 - 144]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-137  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Citation

Martins WD, Fávaro DM, Ribas MO, Martins G. Dentoalveolar and Mandibular Body Fractures Caused by a Horse Kick: Report of a Case. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 May;(7)2:137-144.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Hayder A. Hashim, Salman AL-Suliaman, Jelly L. Cordovez

The Reinforced Removable Retainer

[Year:2006] [Month:May] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:8] [Pages No:145 - 152]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-145  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Citation

AL-Suliaman S, Hashim HA, Cordovez JL. The Reinforced Removable Retainer. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 May;(7)2:145-152.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Amornpong Vachiramon, Wendy C. Wang, Martin Tovee

A Lighting Approach for Clinical Photographs of the Face

[Year:2006] [Month:May] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:7] [Pages No:153 - 159]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-153  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Citation

Vachiramon A, Wang WC, Tovee M. A Lighting Approach for Clinical Photographs of the Face. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 May;(7)2:153-159.

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